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Densities, heat capacities, viscosities, 1H- and 13C-NMR spectra, and solvatochromic parameters of binary mixtures of 1,3-dimethyl-1,3-diazinan-2-one (DMPU) and water

Santos, R.A.L.S., Magalhães, M.C.F., Hefter, G., Akilan, C., Martins, M.A.R., Carvalho, P.J. and Pinto, D.C.G.A. (2021) Densities, heat capacities, viscosities, 1H- and 13C-NMR spectra, and solvatochromic parameters of binary mixtures of 1,3-dimethyl-1,3-diazinan-2-one (DMPU) and water. The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 161 . Art. 106550.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jct.2021.106550
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Abstract

The compound 1,3-dimethyl-1,3-diazinan-2-one (N,N’-dimethylpropyleneurea, DMPU) is a dipolar aprotic solvent with very strong electron-donating abilities but which is much less toxic and less carcinogenic than similar solvents such as the widely used HMPA (hexamethylphosphorictriamide). This paper reports densities and viscosities of the binary mixtures of (DMPU + water) in the temperature range (293.15 to 353.15) K at 5 K intervals, over the whole composition range. Isobaric heat capacities of these mixtures were measured by flow calorimetry at 298.15 K. The 1H- and 13C-NMR spectra as well as the solvatochromic parameters (polarizability, π*, hydrogen-bond acceptor basicity, β, and hydrogen-bond donor acidity, α) of the mixtures were also determined. The densities and viscosities were sensitive to traces of water in the organic-rich region while the heat capacities were not. Excess molar volumes were strongly negative, showing an extremum at mole fraction xDMPU ≈ 0.40. The variation of viscosity with mixture composition was similar to the density with a sharp maximum at xDMPU ≈ 0.35. Apparent molar volumes, Vϕ, of the mixtures show that the water-DMPU interactions have a larger effect on Vϕ of water than on DMPU. While the standard isobaric molar heat capacity of DMPU in water is much higher than that of DMPU itself, the corresponding value for water in DMPU was not much influenced by the presence of DMPU. The 1H-NMR spectra show that the chemical shift of the water protons is more influenced by mixture composition than those of the DMPU protons. A de-shielding of the DMPU carbonyl carbon resonance was observed in the 13C-NMR spectra at low xDMPU, indicative of H-bonding between the water protons and the non-bonding electrons of the carbonyl oxygen.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Chemistry and Physics
Publisher: Academic Press
Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/61387
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