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Airway pressure release ventilation in mechanically ventilated patients with COVID-19: A multicenter observational study

Zorbas, J.S., Ho, K.M., Litton, E., Wibrow, B., Fysh, E. and Anstey, M.H. (2021) Airway pressure release ventilation in mechanically ventilated patients with COVID-19: A multicenter observational study. Acute and Critical Care, 36 (2). pp. 143-150.

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Evidence prior to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic suggested that, compared with conventional ventilation strategies, airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) can improve oxygenation and reduce mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. We aimed to assess the association between APRV use and clinical outcomes among adult patients receiving mechanical ventilation for COVID-19 and hypothesized that APRV use would be associated with improved survival compared with conventional ventilation.

A total of 25 patients with COVID-19 pneumonitis was admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) for invasive ventilation in Perth, Western Australia, between February and May 2020. Eleven of these patients received APRV. The primary outcome was survival to day 90. Secondary outcomes were ventilation-free survival days to day 90, mechanical complications from ventilation, and number of days ventilated.

Patients who received APRV had a lower probability of survival than did those on other forms of ventilation (hazard ratio, 0.17; 95% confidence interval, 0.03–0.89; P=0.036). This finding was independent of indices of severity of illness to predict the use of APRV. Patients who received APRV also had fewer ventilator-free survival days up to 90 days after initiation of ventilation compared to patients who did not receive APRV, and survivors who received APRV had fewer ventilator-free days than survivors who received other forms of ventilation. There were no differences in mechanical complications according to mode of ventilation.

Based on the findings of this study, we urge caution with the use of APRV in COVID-19.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: The Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine
Copyright: © 2021 The Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine
United Nations SDGs: Goal 3: Good Health and Well-Being
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