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Legume genomics: A perspective

Thudi, M., Saxena, R.K., Pandey, M.K. and Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 (2017) Legume genomics: A perspective. In: Dashavantha Reddy, V., Venkateswara rao, K. and Rama Krishna, K., (eds.) Insights on Global Challenges and Opportunities for the Century Ahead. BS Publications, pp. 321-326.

Abstract

Legumes such as chickpea, pigeonpea and groundnut are among the most important crops grown in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. India is the major grower as well as consumer of all these legume crops. In fact, India is also the biggest importer of chickpea and pigeonpea. The productivity of these three legumes has been stagnant and unacceptably low for decades as they are grown in marginal environments. Cereals have been the major beneficiary of utilizing genomics approaches in breeding and the above mentioned legumes have started to catch up very recently with cereals and other crops in terms of genomic interventions in their breeding. For instance, last ten years have witnessed significant progress in the area of development and deployment of genomic tools in crop improvement programs. Better genotypes with enhanced levels of resistance to biotic and abiotic stress as well as higher yields have been designed and developed in all three legume crops. Advances in sequencing and phenotyping technologies are expected to see the optimization and deployment of some modern genomics-assisted breeding approaches such as genomic selection, early generation screening, genome editing etc.We believe that by integrating genomics in breeding, better seeds can be developed and those seeds coupled with appropriate agronomy and management practices can provide better produce in the farmer’s fields.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publisher: BS Publications
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/61311
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