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Common variants in Alzheimer’s disease and risk stratification by polygenic risk scores

de Rojas, I., Moreno-Grau, S., Tesi, N., Grenier-Boley, B., Andrade, V., Jansen, I.E., Pedersen, N.L., Stringa, N., Zettergren, A., Hernández, I., Montrreal, L., Antúnez, C., Antonell, A., Tankard, R.M.ORCID: 0000-0002-8847-9401, Bis, J.C., Sims, R., Bellenguez, C., Quintela, I., González-Perez, A., Calero, M., Franco-Macías, E., Macías, J., Blesa, R., Cervera-Carles, L., Menéndez-González, M., Frank-García, A., Royo, J.L., Moreno, F., Huerto Vilas, R., Baquero, M., Diez-Fairen, M., Lage, C., García-Madrona, S., García-González, P., Alarcón-Martín, E., Valero, S., Sotolongo-Grau, O., Ullgren, A., Naj, A.C., Lemstra, A.W., Benaque, A., Pérez-Cordón, A., Benussi, A., Rábano, A., Padovani, A., Squassina, A., de Mendonça, A., Arias Pastor, A., Kok, A.A.L., Meggy, A., Pastor, A.B., Espinosa, A., Corma-Gómez, A., Martín Montes, A., Sanabria, Á., DeStefano, A.L., Schneider, A., Haapasalo, A., Kinhult Ståhlbom, A., Tybjærg-Hansen, A., Hartmann, A.M., Spottke, A., Corbatón-Anchuelo, A., Rongve, A., Borroni, B., Arosio, B., Nacmias, B., Nordestgaard, B.G., Kunkle, B.W., Charbonnier, C., Abdelnour, C., Masullo, C., Martínez Rodríguez, C., Muñoz-Fernandez, C., Dufouil, C., Graff, C., Ferreira, C.B., Chillotti, C., Reynolds, C.A., Fenoglio, C., Van Broeckhoven, C., Clark, C., Pisanu, C., Satizabal, C.L., Holmes, C., Buiza-Rueda, D., Aarsland, D., Rujescu, D., Alcolea, D., Galimberti, D., Wallon, D., Seripa, D., Grünblatt, E., Dardiotis, E., Düzel, E., Scarpini, E., Conti, E., Rubino, E., Gelpi, E., Rodriguez-Rodriguez, E., Duron, E., Boerwinkle, E., Ferri, E., Tagliavini, F., Küçükali, F., Pasquier, F., Sanchez-Garcia, F., Mangialasche, F., Jessen, F., Nicolas, G., Selbæk, G., Ortega, G., Chêne, G., Hadjigeorgiou, G., Rossi, G, Spalletta, G., Giaccone, G., Grande, G., Binetti, G., Papenberg, G., Hampel, H., Bailly, H., Zetterberg, H., Soininen, H., Karlsson, I.K., Alvarez, I., Appollonio, I., Giegling, I., Skoog, I., Saltvedt, I., Rainero, I., Rosas Allende, I., Hort, J., Diehl-Schmid, J., Van Dongen, J., Vidal, J-S, Lehtisalo, J., Wiltfang, J., Thomassen, J.Q., Kornhuber, J., Haines, J.L., Vogelgsang, J., Pineda, J.A., Fortea, J., Popp, J., Deckert, J., Buerger, K., Morgan, K., Fließbach, K., Sleegers, K., Molina-Porcel, L., Kilander, L., Weinhold, L., Farrer, L.A., Wang, L-S, Kleineidam, L., Farotti, L., Parnetti, L., Tremolizzo, L., Hausner, L., Benussi, L., Froelich, L., Ikram, M.A., Deniz-Naranjo, M.C., Tsolaki, M., Rosende-Roca, M., Löwenmark, M., Hulsman, M., Spallazzi, M., Pericak-Vance, M.A., Esiri, M., Bernal Sánchez-Arjona, M., Dalmasso, M.C., Martínez-Larrad, M.T., Arcaro, M., Nöthen, M.M., Fernández-Fuertes, M., Dichgans, M., Ingelsson, M., Herrmann, M.J., Scherer, M., Vyhnalek, M., Kosmidis, M.H., Yannakoulia, M., Schmid, M., Ewers, M., Heneka, M.T., Wagner, M., Scamosci, M., Kivipelto, M., Hiltunen, M., Zulaica, M., Alegret, M., Fornage, M., Roberto, N., van Schoor, N.M., Seidu, N.M., Banaj, N., Armstrong, N.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-4477-293X, Scarmeas, N., Scherbaum, N., Goldhardt, O., Hanon, O., Peters, O., Skrobot, O.A., Quenez, O., Lerch, O., Bossù, P., Caffarra, P., Dionigi Rossi, P., Sakka, P., Hoffmann, P., Holmans, P.A., Fischer, P., Riederer, P., Yang, Q., Marshall, R., Kalaria, R.N., Mayeux, R., Vandenberghe, R., Cecchetti, R., Ghidoni, R., Frikke-Schmidt, R., Sorbi, S., Hägg, S., Engelborghs, S., Helisalmi, S., Botne Sando, S., Kern, S., Archetti, S., Boschi, S., Fostinelli, S., Gil, S., Mendoza, S., Mead, S., Ciccone, S., Djurovic, S., Heilmann-Heimbach, S., Riedel-Heller, S., Kuulasmaa, T., del Ser, T., Lebouvier, T., Polak, T., Ngandu, T., Grimmer, T., Bessi, V., Escott-Price, V., Giedraitis, V., Deramecourt, V., Maier, W., Jian, X., Pijnenburg, Y.A.L., Smith, A.D., Saenz, A., Bizzarro, A., Lauria, A., Vacca, A., Solomon, A., Anastasiou, A., Richardson, A., Boland, A., Koivisto, A., Daniele, A., Greco, A., Marianthi, A., McGuinness, B., Fin, B., Ferrari, Ca., Custodero, C., Ferrarese, C., Ingino, C., Mangone, C., Reyes Toso, C., Martinez, C., Cuesta, C., Muchnik, C., Joachim, C., Ortiz, C., Besse, C., Johansson, C., Zoia, C.P., Laske, C., Anastasiou, C., Palacio, D.L., Politis, D.G., Janowitz, D., Craig, D., Mann, D.M., Neary, D., Jürgen, D., Daian, D., Belezhanska, D., Kohler, E., Castaño, E.M., Koutsouraki, E., Chipi, E., De Roeck, E., Costantini, E., Vardy, E.R.L.C., Piras, F., Roveta, F., Piras, F., Prestia, F.A., Assogna, F., Salani, F., Sala, G., Lacidogna, G., Novack, G., Wilcock, G., Thonberg, H., Kölsch, H., Weber, H., Boecker, H., Etchepareborda, I., Piaceri, I., Tuomilehto, J., Lindström, J., Laczo, J., Johnston, J., Deleuze, J-F, Harris, J., Schott, J.M., Priller, J., Bacha, J.I., Snowden, J., Lisso, J., Mihova, K.Y., Traykov, L., Morelli, L., Brusco, L.I., Rainer, M., Takalo, M., Bjerke, M., Del Zompo, M., Serpente, M., Sanchez Abalos, M., Rios, M., Peltonen, M., Herrman, M.J., Kosmidis, M.H., Kohler, M., Rojo, M., Jones, M., Orsini, M., Medel, N., Olivar, N., Fox, N.C., Salvadori, N., Hooper, N.M., Galeano, P., Solis, P., Bastiani, P., Mecocci, P., Passmore, P., Heun, R., Antikainen, R., Olaso, R., Perneczky, R., Germani, S., López-García, S., Love, S., Mehrabian, S., Bagnoli, S., Kochen, S., Andreoni, S., Teipel, S., Todd, S., Pickering-Brown, S., Natunen, T., Tegos, T., Laatikainen, T., Strandberg, T., Polvikoski, T.M., Matoska, V., Ciullo, V., Cores, V., Solfrizzi, V., Lisetti, V., Sevillano, Z., Abdelnour, C., Aguilera, N., Alarcon, E., Alegret, M., Benaque, A., Boada, M., Buendia, M., Cañabate, P., Carracedo, A., Corbatón-Anchuelo, A., de Rojas, I., Diego, S., Espinosa, A., Gailhajenet, A., García-González, P., Gil, S., Guitart, M., González-Pérez, A., Hernández, I., Ibarria, M., Lafuente, A., Macias, J., Maroñas, O., Martín, E., Martínez, M. T., Marquié, M., Mauleón, A., Montrreal, L., Moreno-Grau, S., Moreno, M., Orellana, A., Ortega, G., Pancho, A., Pelejá, E., Pérez-Cordon, A., Pineda, J. A., Preckler, S., Quintela, I., Real, L. M., Rosende-Roca, M., Ruiz, A., Sáez, M. E., Sanabria, A., Serrano-Rios, M., Sotolongo-Grau, O., Tárraga, L., Valero, S., Vargas, L., Adarmes-Gómez, A. D., Alarcón-Martín, E., Alonso, M. D., Álvarez, I., Álvarez, V., Amer-Ferrer, G., Antequera, M., Antúnez, C., Baquero, M., Bernal, M., Blesa, R., Boada, M., Buiza-Rueda, D., Bullido, M.J., Burguera, J.A., Calero, M., Carrillo, F., Carrión-Claro, M., Casajeros, M.J., Clarimón, J., Cruz-Gamero, J.M., de Pancorbo, M.M., de Rojas, I., del Ser, T., Diez-Fairen, M., Escuela, R., Garrote-Espina, L., Fortea, J., Franco-Macías, E., Frank-García, A., García-Alberca, J.M., Garcia Madrona, S., Garcia-Ribas, G., Gómez-Garre, P., Hernández, I., Hevilla, S., Jesús, S., Labrador Espinosa, M.A., Lage, C., Legaz, A., Lleó, A., Lopez de Munain, A., López-García, S., Macias-García, D., Manzanares, S., Marín, M., Marín-Muñoz, J., Marín, T., Marquié, M., Martín Montes, A., Martínez, B., Martínez, C., Martínez, V., Martínez-Lage Álvarez, P., Medina, M., Mendioroz Iriarte, M., Menéndez-González, M., Mir, P., Molinuevo, J.L., Pastor, P., Pérez Tur, J., Periñán-Tocino, T., Pineda-Sanchez, R., Piñol-Ripoll, G., Rábano, A., Real de Asúa, D., Rodrigo, S., Rodríguez-Rodríguez, E., Royo, J.L., Ruiz, A., Sanchez del Valle Díaz, R., Sánchez-Juan, P., Sastre, I., Valero, S., Vicente, M.P., Vigo-Ortega, R., Vivancos, L., Macleod, C., McCracken, C., Brayne, C., Bresner, C., Grozeva, D., Bellou, E., Sommerville, E.W., Matthews, F., Leonenko, G., Menzies, G., Windle, G., Harwood, J., Phillips, J., Bennett, K., Luckuck, L., Clare, L., Woods, R., Saad, S., Burholt, V., Jansen, I.E., Rongve, A., Kehoe, P.G., Garcia-Ribas, G., Sánchez-Juan, P., Pastor, P., Pérez-Tur, J., Piñol-Ripoll, G., Lopez de Munain, A., García-Alberca, J.M., Bullido, M.J., Álvarez, V., Lleó, A., Real, L.M., Mir, P., Medina, M., Scheltens, P., Holstege, H., Marquié, M., Sáez, M.E., Carracedo, Á., Amouyel, P., Schellenberg, G.D., Williams, J., Seshadri, S., van Duijn, C.M., Mather, K.A., Sánchez-Valle, R., Serrano-Ríos, M., Orellana, A., Tárraga, L., Blennow, K., Huisman, M., Andreassen, O.A., Posthuma, D., Clarimón, J., Boada, M., van der Flier, W.M., Ramirez, A., Lambert, J-C, van der Lee, S.J. and Ruiz, A. (2021) Common variants in Alzheimer’s disease and risk stratification by polygenic risk scores. Nature Communications, 12 (1). Art. 3417.

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Free to read: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22491-8
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Abstract

Genetic discoveries of Alzheimer’s disease are the drivers of our understanding, and together with polygenetic risk stratification can contribute towards planning of feasible and efficient preventive and curative clinical trials. We first perform a large genetic association study by merging all available case-control datasets and by-proxy study results (discovery n = 409,435 and validation size n = 58,190). Here, we add six variants associated with Alzheimer’s disease risk (near APP, CHRNE, PRKD3/NDUFAF7, PLCG2 and two exonic variants in the SHARPIN gene). Assessment of the polygenic risk score and stratifying by APOE reveal a 4 to 5.5 years difference in median age at onset of Alzheimer’s disease patients in APOE ɛ4 carriers. Because of this study, the underlying mechanisms of APP can be studied to refine the amyloid cascade and the polygenic risk score provides a tool to select individuals at high risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Mathematics, Statistics, Chemistry and Physics
Publisher: Springer Nature
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/61285
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