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Implications of a cheliceral axial duplication in Tetragnatha versicolor (Araneae: Tetragnathidae) for arachnid deuterocerebral appendage development

Cotoras, D.D., Castanheira, P.de S. and Sharma, P.P. (2021) Implications of a cheliceral axial duplication in Tetragnatha versicolor (Araneae: Tetragnathidae) for arachnid deuterocerebral appendage development. Development Genes and Evolution .

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00427-021-00678-9
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Abstract

The homology of the arachnid chelicera with respect to other head appendages in Panarthropoda has long been debated. Gene expression data and the re-interpretation of early transitional fossils have supported the homology of the deutocerebrum and its associated appendages, implying a homology between primary antennae (mandibulates), chelicerae (euchelicerates), and chelifores (sea spiders). Nevertheless, comparatively little is known about the mechanistic basis of proximo-distal (PD) axis induction in chelicerates, much less the basis for cheliceral fate specification. Here, we describe a new cheliceral teratology in the spider Tetragnatha versicolor Walckenaer, 1841, which consists on a duplication of the PD axis of the left chelicera associated with a terminal secondary schistomely on the fang of the lower axis. This duplication offers clues as to potential shared mechanisms of PD axis formation in the chelicera. We review the state of knowledge on PD axis induction mechanisms in arthropods and identify elements of gene regulatory networks that are key for future functional experiments of appendage development in non-insect model systems. Such investigations would allow a better understanding of PD axis induction of modified and poorly studied arthropod limbs (e.g., chelicerae, chelifores, and ovigers).

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Harry Butler Institute
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Copyright: © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/61273
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