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Molecular breeding tools improved drought tolerant groundnut variety for resistance to foliar fungal diseases

Kumar, A.L.R., Thirumalaisamy, P.P., Narendrakumar, ., Lalwani, H.B., Nadaf, H.L., Nagaraju, P., Yenagi, B., Patil, S., Suryawanshi, J., Deshmukh, M.P., Kumbhar, C.T., Kathmale, D.K., Naik, K.S.S., Rajesh, P., Vemana, K., Premalatha, N., Sundaravadana, S., Variath, M.T., Pandey, M.K., Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 and Janila, P. (2017) Molecular breeding tools improved drought tolerant groundnut variety for resistance to foliar fungal diseases. In: InterDrought-V, 21 - 25 February 2017, Hyderabad, India.


A largely rainfed crop in India, drought tolerance, particularly mid- and end-season tolerance, is a key trait in groundnut varieties. A combination of both empirical and trait-based approaches was used in breeding programs of ICAR and ICRISAT, resulting in release of few tolerant varieties that have superior pod yield under drought stress and/or have enhanced water-use-efficiency. There is a need to breed varieties with drought tolerance, disease resistance and quality traits that suit different production ecologies as well as meet the needs of the farmers, consumers and industries. ICRISAT has released an early-maturing (90-95 d) and drought- tolerant variety ICGV 91114 for the drought-prone Ananthapur district of Andhra Pradesh, India, where about 0.7 m ha area is under groundnut cultivation and has low (300 mm) and erratic (30-40 rainy days) rainfall. On-farm studies conducted with ICGV 91114 during 2008-10 showed 30% reduction in yield variability over the years. Following screening in hot-spots of both rust and LLS disease during 2014 rainy season, a total of 27 introgression lines derived from ICGV 91114 were selected and advanced for evaluation in multi-location trials at six locations in 2015 under rainfed conditions. Based on the pod yield under rainfed conditions and disease resistance, three superior introgression lines (ICGV 14410, ICGV 13189, ICGV 14421) were proposed for the first-ever NILs trial (near-isogenic lines trial) along with eight others conducted under All India Coordinated Research Project on Groundnut (AICRP-G) at national level.

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