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Applications for solar irradiance nowcasting in the control of microgrids: A review

Samu, R., Calais, M., Shafiullah, GM.ORCID: 0000-0002-2211-184X, Moghbel, M., Shoeb, M.A.ORCID: 0000-0002-6653-107X, Nouri, B. and Blum, N. (2021) Applications for solar irradiance nowcasting in the control of microgrids: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 147 . Art. 111187.

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The integration of solar photovoltaic (PV) into electricity networks introduces technical challenges due to varying PV output. Rapid ramp events due to cloud movements are of particular concern for the operation of remote islanded microgrids (MGs) with high penetration of solar PV generation. PV plants and optionally controllable distributed energy resources (DERs) in MGs can be operated in an optimized way based on nowcasting, which is also called very short-term solar irradiance forecasting up to 60 min ahead. This study presents an extensive literature review on nowcasting technologies along with their current and future possible applications in the control of MGs. Ramp rates control and scheduling of spinning reserves are found to be the most recognized applications of nowcasting in MGs. An online survey has been conducted to identify the limitations, benefits and challenges of deploying nowcasting in MGs. The survey outcomes show that the incorporation of nowcasting tools in MG operations is still limited, though the possibility of increasing solar PV penetration levels in MGs if nowcasting tools are incorporated is acknowledged. Additionally, recent nowcasting tools, such as sky camera-based tools, require further validation under various conditions for more widespread adaptation by power system operators.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Engineering and Energy
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd.
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