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Translational Genomics for Agriculture

Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 (2018) Translational Genomics for Agriculture. In: Plant and Animal Genome (PAG Asia) Conference 2018, 30 May - 1 June 2018, Seoul, Korea.


Significant advances in recent years have enhanced our understanding of structural and functional aspects of plant genomes. Complete genome sequence has become available for some plant species, while draft genome sequences are being assembled for others. Advances in next-generation sequencing and high-throughput genotyping technologies have made it possible to not only genotype at high-density, but to even re-sequence the mapping populations or germplasm collections. Routine linkage mapping approaches are being transformed to genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for the identification of important marker-trait associations. Marker-assisted selection (MAS) has become an integral part of crop breeding programmes in developed countries/private sector, and in developing countries the use of MAS in breeding programmes has been applied to develop superior varieties/hybrids with better agronomic performance and enhanced resistance/tolerance to biotic/abiotic stresses. New breeding approaches such as marker-assisted back crossing (MABC), marker-assisted recurrent selection (MARS) and genomic selection (GS) are also being used for improving complex traits such as drought tolerance. This workshop is planned to invite genomics specialists with extensive experience in genomics-assisted breeding from both public and private sectors to share their experience and propose novel ideas to translate existing genomics knowledge toward the development of new varieties/hybrids. This workshop is expected to catalyze public sector breeding programmes in Asia and Africa to undertake/accelerate translational genomics that will ensure food security in developing countries.

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