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Porcine enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli: Antimicrobial resistance and development of microbial-based alternative control strategies

Laird, T.J., Abraham, S., Jordan, D., Pluske, J.R.ORCID: 0000-0002-7194-2164, Hampson, D.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-7729-0427, Trott, D.J. and O’Dea, M.ORCID: 0000-0002-2757-7585 (2021) Porcine enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli: Antimicrobial resistance and development of microbial-based alternative control strategies. Veterinary Microbiology, 258 . Article 109117.

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Strains of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causing post-weaning diarrhoea (PWD) in piglets have a widespread and detrimental impact on animal health and the economics of pork production. Traditional approaches to control and prevention have placed a strong emphasis on antimicrobial use (AMU) to the extent that current prevalent porcine ETEC strains have developed moderate to severe resistance. This complicates treatment of ETEC infection by limiting therapeutic options, increasing diagnostic costs and increasing mortality rates. Management factors, the use of supra-physiological levels of zinc oxide and selected feed additives have all been documented to lower the incidence of ETEC infection in pigs; however, each intervention has its own limitations and cannot solely be relied upon as an alternative to AMU. Consequently, treatment options for porcine ETEC are moving towards the use of newer antimicrobials of higher public health significance. This review focuses on microorganisms and microbial-derived products that could provide a naturally evolved solution to ETEC infection and disease. This category holds a plethora of yet to be explored possibilities, however studies based around bacteriophage therapy, probiotics and the use of probiotic fermentation products as prebiotics have demonstrated promise. Ultimately, pig producers and veterinarians need these solutions to reduce the reliance on critically important antimicrobials (CIAs), to improve economic and animal welfare outcomes, and to lessen the One Health threat potentiated by the dissemination of AMR through the food chain.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Antimicrobial Resistance and Infectious Disease Laboratory
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V.
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