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Preharvest spray application of methyl jasmonate promotes fruit colour and regulates quality in M7 Navel orange grown in a Mediterranean climate

Rehman, M., Singh, Z., Khurshid, T., Malekipoor, R. and Tokala, V.Y. (2021) Preharvest spray application of methyl jasmonate promotes fruit colour and regulates quality in M7 Navel orange grown in a Mediterranean climate. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 15 (3). pp. 387-393.

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Abstract

Poor rind colour in cv. M7 Navel (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) at harvest time severely affects the profits of the growers in Western Australia. The effects of the preharvest spray application of different concentrations (0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 mM) of methyl jasmonate (MJ) on the rind colour development and fruit quality of M7 Navel were investigated at 6 or 3 weeks before anticipated harvest (WBAH) during 2015 and 2016. The preharvest spray application of MJ (5.0 or 7.5 mM) resulted in enhanced rind colour, reduced hue angle (ho) angle (55.7, 54.3) as well as increased citrus colour index (CCI) (11.0, 12.0) and total carotenoid levels (35.3, 58.3 mg kg-1) of flavedo, respectively in M7 Navel, during 2015 and 2016. During 2015, comparatively higher levels of total carotenoid (40.4 mg kg-1) were recorded when MJ was applied at 3 WBAH as a single spray. However, the time of MJ application did not influence hue angle (h°) and CCI. In 2015, all the preharvest MJ treatments except (1.25 mM) exhibited reduced fruit firmness. Furthermore, soluble solids concentration (SSC) in the fruit juice was reduced after MJ treatment. All the MJ treatments showed reduced levels of total sugars and organic acids in the juice, during 2015. In conclusion, MJ (5.0 or 7.5 mM) reduced h° but increased the total carotenoids levels and CCI in the flavedo of M7 Navel orange, when applied as a preharvest spray at 3 WBAH.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Southern Cross Publishing Group
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/60662
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