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Feline Idiopathic Cystitis: Pathogenesis, Histopathology and Comparative Potential

Jones, E., Palmieri, C., Thompson, M., Jackson, K. and Allavena, R. (2021) Feline Idiopathic Cystitis: Pathogenesis, Histopathology and Comparative Potential. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 185 . pp. 18-29.

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Bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is a debilitating disease in humans, particularly women, with patients experiencing chronic, intractable, lower urinary and pelvic pain. Although rodent models have been used, feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC) is a naturally occurring bladder disease of cats that is frequently considered to be the preferred model for BPS. Histologically, FIC is most similar to the non-Hunner BPS subtype. Histology is unnecessary for the clinical diagnosis of FIC but is of great value in elucidating the pathogenesis of this disease so that prevention and therapeutic interventions can be optimized. Further study of the histological features of FIC and BPS is required to determine the significance of Von Brunn's nests, which are invaginations of hyperplastic urothelium that have been associated with irritative bladder stimuli in animals and have been observed in FIC. We review the possible pathogenesis, histopathological similarities and differences between FIC and BPS, and highlight the potential of FIC as a model of BPS.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd.
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