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Association between case signalment and disease diagnosis in urinary bladder disease in Australian cats and dogs

Jones, E., Alawneh, J., Thompson, M. and Allavena, R. (2021) Association between case signalment and disease diagnosis in urinary bladder disease in Australian cats and dogs. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation .

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1177/10406387211004008
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Abstract

Urinary bladder diseases are common in dogs and cats; however, there is little published work on urinary bladder disease in Australian pets. We identified pathology records of Australian dogs and cats with urinary bladder tissue submitted to the University of Queensland Veterinary Laboratory Service during 1994–2016 (n = 320). We described the proportion of bladder diseases in dogs and cats, and applied the less-commonly used logistic regression procedure to quantify associations between signalment variables and disease diagnosis that were evident using descriptive statistics alone. After preliminary analysis, both species were combined because of similar results. Spayed/castrated animals were 74% less likely to be diagnosed with cystitis compared with intact animals. Animals 4–11 y old were also at lower risk of being diagnosed with cystitis compared with younger or older animals. Male animals were at increased risk of neoplasia compared to females, which contrasts with reports from North America and Europe. There was increased risk for developing neoplasia with progressive age, with up to 20 times higher odds in the > 11-y age group. Logistic regression modeling provided unique insight into proportionate morbidity of urinary bladder diseases in Australian dogs and cats.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Veterinary Medicine
Publisher: American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians
Copyright: © 2021 by American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/60446
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