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When and how does open innovation enhance innovation output? A Meta-Analysis

Nguyen, T.P.T., Huang, F. and Tian, X. (2021) When and how does open innovation enhance innovation output? A Meta-Analysis. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management . Early Access.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEM.2021.3061155
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Abstract

Existing research has produced mixed, inconclusive, and even conflicting findings on the impact of open innovation (OI) on innovation output. This article takes a meta-analysis approach, systematically reviews the existent literature to identify the main contextual factors, and statistically tests the significance of these factors in influencing the effect of OI on innovation output. Based on the data of 139 studies published by 2020, this article demonstrates that 1) OI has a stronger effect on innovation output in coupled OI (a combination of inbound and outbound OI) than the inbound or outbound OI alone; 2) OI has a stronger effect on innovation output in developing than developed countries; 3) OI has a stronger effect on innovation output at subfirm than firm level; and 4) OI has a stronger effect on innovation output in service than manufacturing industries. The findings have important implications for managers, researchers, and policy-makers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Murdoch Business School
Publisher: IEEE
Copyright: © 2021 IEEE
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/60443
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