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Proximate and phytochemical composition of the pulp of Tetrapleura tetraptera fruits consumed in Abakaliki, Nigeria

Nwoba, E.G.ORCID: 0000-0003-0397-2369 (2015) Proximate and phytochemical composition of the pulp of Tetrapleura tetraptera fruits consumed in Abakaliki, Nigeria. International Journal of Engineering Research & technology (IJERT), 4 (6). pp. 1286-1294.

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Abstract

Tetrapleura tetraptera fruits have been used in ethnomedical practice in Nigeria for the treatment of diseases and as spices in food preparation. The proximate and phytochemical composition of the pulp of Tetrapleura tetraptera consumed in Abakaliki is determined. The percentage composition (%) on the basis of dry weight was Carbohydrate (40.12±2.57), Moisture (19.90±1.65), Ash (17.84±1.63), Crude

Protein (14.10±1.77), Fats and Oil (8.69±1.82) and Crude Fibre (6.84±0.31). The qualitative phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of saponin, tannin, steroids, terpenoids in very high amount, alkaloids, flavonoid, resin in moderately high concentration while glycosides in trace concentration. The quantitative phytochemical analysis (%) based on dry weight were saponin (5.670±0.294), tannin (3.194±0.323), flavonoid

(0.073±0.002), alkaloids (0.633±0.057), phenol (0.373±0.013) and glycosides (0.0072±0.0002). The appreciable abundance of these biologically essential compounds in this plant indicates the potential of the pulp of this fruit as a source of these phytochemicals, justifying the use of the fruit in traditional medicine.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: IJERT
Publisher's Website: https://www.ijert.org/proximate-and-phytochemical-...
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/60415
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