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Characterization and expression quantitative trait loci analysis of TaABI4, a pre-harvest sprouting related gene in wheat

Xiao, C., Liu, Y., Chen, W., Yang, J., Cheng, M., Watt, C., Cheng, J., Wang, Z., Tan, Z., Li, M. and Wang, J. (2021) Characterization and expression quantitative trait loci analysis of TaABI4, a pre-harvest sprouting related gene in wheat. Seed Science Research . First Review.

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Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) induced by the absence of seed dormancy causes a severe reduction in crop yield and flour quality. In this study, we isolated and characterized TaABI4, an ABA-responsive transcription factor that participates in regulating seed germination in wheat. Sequence analysis revealed that TaABI4 has three homologues, located on chromosomes 1A/1B/1D. TaABI4 contains a conserved AP2 domain, and AP2-associated, LRP and potential PEST motifs. Putative cis-acting regulatory elements (CE1-like box, W-box, ABRE elements and RY elements) were identified in the TaABI4 promoter region that showed high conservation in 17 wheat cultivars and wheat-related species. Expression profiling of TaABI4 indicated that it is a seed-specific gene accumulating during the middle stages of seed development. Transcript accumulation of TaABI4 in wheat cultivar Chuanmai 32 (CM32, PHS susceptible) was 5.07-fold and 1.39-fold higher than that in synthetic hexaploidy wheat SHW-L1 (PHS resistant) at 15 and 20 DPA, respectively. Six expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) of TaABI4 on chromosomes 2A, 2D, 3B and 4A were characterized based on the accumulated transcripts of TaABI4 in SHW-L1 and CM32-derived recombinant inbred lines. These QTLs explained 10.7 to 46.1% of the trait variation with 4.53–10.59 of LOD scores, which contain genes that may affect the expression of TaABI4.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Western Crop Genetics Alliance
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors.
United Nations SDGs: Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
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