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Can a speed breeding approach accelerate genetic gain in pigeonpea?

Saxena, K.B., Saxena, R.K., Hickey, L.T. and Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 (2019) Can a speed breeding approach accelerate genetic gain in pigeonpea? Euphytica, 215 (12). Art. 202.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-019-2520-4
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Abstract

Pure line breeding is a resource-intensive activity that takes 10 years or more to develop a new cultivar. In some crops, conducting off-season nurseries has significantly reduced the length of the breeding cycle. This approach could not be exploited in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.], because traditionally it has been a photoperiod-sensitive crop that requires long periods of darkness to induce flowering. However, the recent success of breeding early maturing photoperiod-insensitive genotypes has opened up the possibility of adopting ‘speed breeding’ techniques to enable rapid generation turnover. This paper outlines a speed breeding approach that integrates the use of immature seed germination for rapid generation advancement and a “single pod descent” method of breeding. To accelerate line development, while conserving genetic variability, the approach permits four generations per year and can fast-track field evaluation of resulting homozygous lines. Therefore, the breeding strategy conserves resources and has potential to deliver new early maturing cultivars within a substantially reduced timeframe of 4–5 years.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright: © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/60296
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