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G × E interactions in QTL introgression lines of Spanish-type groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Rathnakumar, A.L., Manohar, S.S., Nadaf, H.L., Patil, S.C., Deshmukh, M.P., Thirumalaisamy, P.P., Kumar, N., Lalwani, H.B., Nagaraju, P., Yenagi, B., Patil, S.S., Suryawanshi, J., Khatod, J., Kumbhar, C.T., Kathmale, D.K., Naik, K.S.S., Rajesh, P., Vemana, K., Sundaravadana, S., Premalatha, N., Variath, M.T., Chaudhari, S., Radhakrishnan, T., Pandey, M.K., Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 and Janila, P. (2020) G × E interactions in QTL introgression lines of Spanish-type groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Euphytica, 216 (6). Art. 85.

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Multi-environment testing at five locations for rust and late leaf spot (LLS) resistance with 41 introgressed lines (ILs) bred using marker-assisted backcross breeding in the genetic background Spanish-type groundnut varieties identified significant genotype, and genotype × environment interactions (GEI) for LLS disease resistance and yield parameters. Significant GEI effects suggest the need to identify location specific breeding lines to achieve gains in pod yield and LLS resistance. The observed variable LLS disease reaction among the ILs in part suggests influence of background genotype on the level of resistance. A breeding scheme with early generation selection using molecular markers followed by phenotyping for LLS, and multi-location testing of fixed breeding lines was optimized to enhance selection intensity and accuracy in groundnut breeding. The ILs, ICGVs 14431, 14436 and 14438 with pooled LLS score at 90 DAS of 3.5–3.7 were superior to respective recurrent parent for pod yield, with early maturing similar to recurrent parents. The pod yield advantage in ILs is attributed by more number of pods, besides resistance to LLS that contributes to better filling.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright: © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
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