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Identification of quantitative trait loci associated with iron deficiency chlorosis resistance in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea)

Pattanashetti, S.K., Pandey, M.K., Naidu, G.K., Vishwakarma, M.K., Singh, O.K., Shasidhar, Y., Boodi, I.H., Biradar, B.D., Das, R.R., Rathore, A., Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 and Morris, B. (2020) Identification of quantitative trait loci associated with iron deficiency chlorosis resistance in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea). Plant Breeding, 139 (4). pp. 790-803.

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Abstract

Iron deficiency chlorosis is an important abiotic stress affecting groundnut production worldwide in calcareous and alkaline soils with a pH of 7.5–8.5. To identify genomic regions controlling iron deficiency chlorosis resistance in groundnut, the recombinant inbred line population from the cross TAG 24 × ICGV 86031 was evaluated for associated traits like visual chlorosis rating and SPAD chlorophyll meter reading across three crop growth stages for two consecutive years. Thirty‐two QTLs were identified for visual chlorosis rating (3.9%–31.8% phenotypic variance explained [PVE]) and SPAD chlorophyll meter reading [3.8%–11% PVE] across three stages over 2 years. This is the first report of identification of QTLs for iron deficiency chlorosis resistance‐associated traits in groundnut. Three major QTLs (>10% PVE) were identified at severe stage, while majority of other QTLs were having small effects. Interestingly, two major QTLs for visual chlorosis rating at 60 days (2013) and 90 days (2014) were located at same position on LG AhXIII. The identified QTLs/markers after validation across diverse genetic material could be used in genomics‐assisted breeding.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Copyright: © 2020 The Authors.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/60150
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