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Modulation of GmFAD3 expression alters responses to abiotic stress in soybean

Singh, A., Kumar, M., Raina, S., Ratnaparkhe, M., Rane, J., Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 and Kachroo, A. (2020) Modulation of GmFAD3 expression alters responses to abiotic stress in soybean. Authorea .

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Abstract

FAD3 play important roles in modulating membrane fluidity in response to various abiotic stresses. However, a comprehensive analysis of FAD3 in drought, salinity and heat stress tolerance is lacking in soybean. The present study assessed the functional role of fatty acid desaturase 3 to abiotic stress responses in soybean. We used Bean Pod Mottle Virus -based vector to alter expression of Glycine max omega-3 fatty acid desaturase . Higher levels of recombinant BPMV-GmFAD3 transcripts were detected in overexpressing soybean plants. Overexpression of GmFAD3 in soybean resulted in increased levels of jasmonic acid and higher expression of GmWRKY54 as compared to mock-inoculated, vector-infected and FAD3-silenced soybean plants under drought and salinity stress conditions. FAD3 overexpressing plants showed higher levels of chlorophyll content, leaf SPAD value, relative water content, chlorophyll fluorescence, transpiration rate, carbon assimilation rate, proline content and also cooler canopy under drought and salinity stress conditions as compared to mock-inoculated, vector-infected and FAD3-silenced soybean plants. Results from current study revealed that GmFAD3 overexpressing soybean plants exhibited drought and salinity stress tolerance although tolerance to heat stress was reduced. On the other hand, soybean plants silenced for GmFAD3 exhibited tolerance to heat stress, but were vulnerable to drought and salinity stress

Item Type: Non-refereed Article
Publisher: Authorea
Publisher's Website: https://www.authorea.com/doi/full/10.22541/au.1605...
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/60095
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