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On climate, conflict and cumulation: Suggestions for integrative cumulation of knowledge in the research on climate change and violent conflict

Ide, T.ORCID: 0000-0001-8401-2372 and Scheffran, J. (2014) On climate, conflict and cumulation: Suggestions for integrative cumulation of knowledge in the research on climate change and violent conflict. Global Change, Peace and Security, 26 (3). pp. 263-279.

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Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1080/14781158.2014.924917
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Abstract

Possible links between climate change and intra-state violent conflict have received major scholarly attention in recent years. But with few exceptions there is still a low level of consensus in this research field. The article argues that one reason for this disagreement is a lack of integrative cumulation of knowledge. Such an integrative cumulation is prevented by three obstacles, which have until now hardly been discussed in the literature. The first is the use of inadequate terms, discussed here with a focus on the labels ‘Malthusian’/‘cornucopian’ and the operationalization of key variables. Secondly, the weaknesses of large-N studies in research on climate change and violent conflict are not sufficiently reflected. These include a lack of data on crucial concepts as well as deficits of widely used datasets. Thirdly, literature that deals with a possible link between adverse environmental change and peace (termed here ‘environmental peace perspective’) has neither been systematized nor adequately considered in the debate so far. The article provides examples of these shortcomings and makes suggestions of how to address each of them. It also develops an integrative theoretical framework for the environmental peace perspective which facilitates its consideration in research on climate change and violent conflict.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Routledge
Copyright: © 2014 Taylor & Francis
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/59926
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