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On exposure, vulnerability and violence: Spatial distribution of risk factors for climate change and violent conflict across Kenya and Uganda

Ide, T.ORCID: 0000-0001-8401-2372, Schilling, J., Link, J.S.A., Scheffran, J., Ngaruiya, G. and Weinzierl, T. (2014) On exposure, vulnerability and violence: Spatial distribution of risk factors for climate change and violent conflict across Kenya and Uganda. Political Geography, 43 . pp. 68-81.

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Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2014.10.007
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Abstract

Recent studies discuss the link between climate change and violent conflict, especially for East Africa. While there is extensive literature on the question whether climate change increases the risk of violent conflict onset, not much is known about where a climate-conflict link is most likely to be found. We address this question by analyzing the spatial distribution of the factors commonly associated with a high exposure and vulnerability to climate change, and a high risk of violent conflict onset in Kenya and Uganda. Drawing on recent literature and quantitative data for the period 1998–2008, we develop various specifications of a composite risk index (CRI) with a spatial resolution of half a degree for Kenya and Uganda in the year 2008. A quantitative comparison with conflict data for the year 2008 provides support for the composite risk index. Finally, the composite risk index is contrasted with the findings of three qualitative case studies, which provide mixed support for the index and help to identify its strengths and weaknesses as well as conceptual needs for further quantitative studies on climate change and violent conflict.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/59925
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