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Progress of nanomaterials in preventative and restorative dentistry

Rattan, S., Fawcett, D., Tennant, M., Granich, J. and Poinern, G.E.J. (2021) Progress of nanomaterials in preventative and restorative dentistry. Recent Progress in Materials, 3 (1).

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To date, many studies have examined the development and use of novel materials, enhancing the performance of existing dental composites and improving methods for restoring tooth structure. In recent years, nanotechnology-based techniques have been used to develop a variety of nanomaterial-based dental products aimed at conservative dentistry applications. These new nanomaterial-based materials offer improved physicochemical and mechanical properties, combined with enhanced aesthetics that makes them superior restorative materials in several dental procedures. This review discusses tooth structure, the oral microbial environment, chronic dental diseases such as dental decay (or caries), and periodontal disease, as well as systemic diseases in light of nanotechnology-based preventative and restorative dental filler product advancements. Considerations regarding human health and safety associated with the use of nanomaterials in dentistry are discussed. Lastly, knowledge gaps and limitations including future perspectives warranting further research are outlined. The study is followed by a conclusion which condenses the extensive data into a brief summary to establish a link between new nanomaterials and human interactions. This paper draws out and distils the current findings that have emerged from a substantial bibliographical review of a range of articles to provide an insight into the use and development of novel nanomaterials for preventive and restorative dentistry.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Chemistry and Physics
Engineering and Energy
Publisher: Lidsen Publishing
Copyright: © 2021 by the author
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