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Timing and abundance of sporangia production and zoospore release influences the recovery of different Phytophthora species by baiting

Sarker, S.R., McComb, J., Burgess, T.I.ORCID: 0000-0002-7962-219X and Hardy, G.E.St.J. (2021) Timing and abundance of sporangia production and zoospore release influences the recovery of different Phytophthora species by baiting. Fungal Biology, 125 (6). pp. 477-484.

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Analysis of soil samples using High Throughput Sequencing (HTS) frequently detects more Phytophthora species compared with traditional soil baiting methods. This study investigated whether differences between species in the timing and abundance of sporangial production and zoospore release could be a reason for the lower number of species isolated by baiting. Stems of Eucalyptus marginata were inoculated with ten Phytophthora species (P. nicotianae, P. multivora, P. pseudocryptogea, P. cinnamomi, P. thermophila, P. arenaria, P. heveae, P. constricta, P. gondwanensis and P. versiformis), and lesioned sections for each species were baited separately in water. There were significant differences between species in timing of sporangia production and zoospore release. P. nicotianae, P. pseudocryptogea, P. multivora and P. thermophila released zoospores within 8–12 h and could be isolated from lesioned baits within 1–2 days. In contrast, P. constricta did not produce zoospores for over 48 h and was only isolated 5–7 days after baiting. P. heveae and P. versiformis did not produce zoospores and were not recovered from the baits. When species were paired in the same baiting tub, those that produced zoospores in the shortest time were isolated most frequently, while species slow to produce zoospores, or which produced them in lower numbers, were isolated from few baits or not at all. Thus, species differences in the timing of sporangia production and zoospore release may contribute to the ease of isolation of some Phytophthora species when they are present together with other Phytophthora species in an environmental sample.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Climate-Impacted Terrestrial Ecosystems
Centre for Phytophthora Science and Management
Harry Butler Institute
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Copyright: © 2021 British Mycological Society.
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