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The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire: Psychometric properties and relations with affective symptoms in a United States general community sample

Preece, D.A., Becerra, R., Hasking, P., McEvoy, P.M., Boyes, M., Sauer-Zavala, S., Chen, W. and Gross, J.J. (2021) The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire: Psychometric properties and relations with affective symptoms in a United States general community sample. Journal of Affective Disorders, 284 . pp. 27-30.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.01.071
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Abstract

Background

Difficulties in emotion regulation are a key risk factor for affective disorders. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) is a 10-item measure of two emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. It is widely used tool in the United States, however, most psychometric studies of the ERQ have so far been conducted with college students and some researchers have recently questioned its factorial validity in non-student samples. In this study, we conducted the first confirmatory factor analysis study of the ERQ in a United States general community sample.

Method

We examined the ERQ's factor structure, measurement invariance across age, education and gender categories, internal consistency reliability, and concurrent validity with a sample of 508 adults.

Results

The intended two-factor model (cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression) was an excellent fit to the data, and this structure was invariant across different age, education, and gender categories. Both ERQ scale scores had good omega and alpha reliabilities, and correlated as expected with depression and anxiety symptoms. Cognitive reappraisal was negatively correlated with these symptoms, whereas expressive suppression was positively correlated with these symptoms.

Limitations

We did not include a clinical sample and future psychometric studies of the ERQ in specialised clinical populations would be useful.

Conclusions

The ERQ appears to have strong psychometric properties when used with general community members from the United States. ERQ scores can be confidently used and compared across adults of different ages, genders, and educational backgrounds.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/59720
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