Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Marine health of the Arabian Gulf: Drivers of pollution and assessment approaches focusing on desalination activities

Hosseini, H., Saadaoui, I., Moheimani, N.ORCID: 0000-0003-2310-4147, Al Saidi, M., Al Jamali, F., Al Jabri, H. and Hamadou, R.B. (2021) Marine health of the Arabian Gulf: Drivers of pollution and assessment approaches focusing on desalination activities. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 164 . Art. 112085.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Download (1MB) | Preview
Free to read: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112085
*No subscription required

Abstract

The Arabian Gulf is one of the most adversely affected marine environments worldwide, which results from combined pollution drivers including climate change, oil and gas activities, and coastal anthropogenic disturbances. Desalination activities are one of the major marine pollution drivers regionally and internationally. Arabian Gulf countries represent a hotspot of desalination activities as they are responsible for nearly 50% of the global desalination capacity. Building desalination plants, up-taking seawater, and discharging untreated brine back into the sea adversely affects the biodiversity of the marine ecosystems. The present review attempted to reveal the potential negative effects of desalination plants on the Gulf's marine environments. We emphasised different conventional and innovative assessment tools used to assess the health of marine environments and evaluate the damage exerted by desalination activity in the Gulf. Finally, we suggested effective management approaches to tackle the issue including the significance of national regulations and regional cooperation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Algae R&D Centre
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s).
United Nations SDGs: Goal 14: Life Below Water
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/59638
Item Control Page Item Control Page

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year