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A targeted ultra performance liquid chromatography – Tandem mass spectrometric assay for tyrosine and metabolites in urine and plasma: Application to the effects of antibiotics on mice

Letertre, M.P.M., Myridakis, A., Whiley, L.ORCID: 0000-0002-9088-4799, Camuzeaux, S., Lewis, M.R., Chappell, K.E., Thaikkatil, A., Dumas, M-E, Nicholson, J.K., Swann, J.R. and Wilson, I.D. (2021) A targeted ultra performance liquid chromatography – Tandem mass spectrometric assay for tyrosine and metabolites in urine and plasma: Application to the effects of antibiotics on mice. Journal of Chromatography B, 1164 . Art. 122511.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2020.122511
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Abstract

Tyrosine plays a key role in mammalian biochemistry and defects in its metabolism (e.g., tyrosinemia, alkaptonuria etc.) have significant adverse consequences for those affected if left untreated. In addition, gut bacterially-derived p-cresol and its metabolites are of interest as a result of various effects on host xenobiotic metabolism. A fit-for-purpose quantitative ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) assay was developed to target and quantify tyrosine and eleven metabolites in urine and plasma. Dansylation, using dansyl chloride, was used to improve chromatographic and mass spectral properties for tyrosine and nine phenolic metabolites, with detection using positive electrospray ionisation (ESI). The sulfate and glucuronide conjugates of p-cresol, where the phenol group was blocked, were quantified intact, using negative ESI via polarity switching during the same run. Sample preparation for urine and plasma involved deproteinization by solvent precipitation (of acetonitrile:isopropyl alcohol (1:1 v/v)) followed by in situ dansylation in 96 well plates. To minimize sample and solvent usage, and maximize sensitivity, analysis was performed using microbore reversed-phase gradient UPLC on a C8 phase with a 7.5 min. cycle time. The coefficients of variation obtained were <15%, with lower limits of quantification ranging from 5 to 250 nM depending upon the analyte. The method was applied to plasma and urine samples obtained from mice placed on a high tyrosine diet with one subgroup of animals subsequently receiving antibiotics to suppress the gut microbiota. Whilst plasma profiles were largely unaffected by antibiotic treatment clear reductions in the amount of p-cresol sulfate and p-cresol glucuronide excreted in the urine were observed for these mice.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Australian National Phenome Center
Health Futures Institute
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Copyright: © 2020 Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/59395
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