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Intestinal myiasis in a Malaysian patient caused by larvae of Clogmia albipunctatus (Diptera: Psychodidae)

Mokhtar, A.S., Braima, K.A.O., Peng Chin, H., Jeffery, J., Mohd Zain, S.N., Rohela, M., Lau, Y.L., Jamaiah, I., Wilson, J-J and Abdul-Aziz, N.M. (2016) Intestinal myiasis in a Malaysian patient caused by larvae of Clogmia albipunctatus (Diptera: Psychodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 53 (4). pp. 957-960.

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Clogmia albipunctatus (Duckhouse) is a cosmopolitan fly belonging to the family Psychodidae and is one of the medically important insects associated with urban environments ( Smith and Thomas 1979 ). Psychodid larvae can cause myiasis in humans through infestation of healthy or traumatized tissues ( Hall and Smith 1993 ). Human myiasis can be presented in various forms with cutaneous myiasis the most common form ( Tu et al. 2007 ). Other infestation sites include nasal, aural, pulmonary, ophthalmic cavities, body cavities, and the gastrointestinal and urogenital systems ( Tu et al. 2007 , El-Badry et al. 2014 ). Intestinal myiasis may result from accidental ingestion of larvae. Subsequently, this form of myiasis presents symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and distention, loss of appetite, weight loss, and episodic diarrhea ( Ramana 2012 ). This is the second reported case of human intestinal myiasis in Malaysia caused by larvae of C. albipunctatus . Microscopic examination revealed the structure of the larvae and DNA barcoding established the species identity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Copyright: © 2016 The Authors.
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