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Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) eggs and larvae responses to a low-oxygen/high-nitrogen atmosphere

Al-Behadili, F.J.M., Agarwal, M.ORCID: 0000-0002-8781-3850, Xu, W. and Ren, Y. (2020) Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) eggs and larvae responses to a low-oxygen/high-nitrogen atmosphere. Insects, 11 (11). Article 802.

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Abstract

The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is one of the most damaging horticultural insect pests. This study used a low-oxygen/high-nitrogen bioassay to control C. capitata. Two low-oxygen treatments were applied (0.5% O2 + 99.5 N2 and 5% O2 + 95% N2) to C. capitata eggs and 1st, 2nd and 3rd instar larvae from 0 to nine days on a carrot diet at 25 °C; 70—75% RH. The pupariation, adult emergence, and sex ratios of survived flies were examined. The results demonstrate that increased mortality of all tested life stages correlated with increased exposure times at both levels of low-oxygen treatments. Complete control of eggs was achieved after eight days and nine days for larvae using 0.5% O2 at 25 °C; 70–75% RH. The 3rd instar was the most tolerant stage, while the egg was the most susceptible stage to the low-oxygen environment. There were no significant differences in sex ratios between emerged adults after low-oxygen and control treatments. The present work demonstrates and confirms the mortalities of C. capitata caused by low-oxygen treatment, which may help develop new postharvest strategies to control this destructive fruit fly pest.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education
Publisher: MDPI
Copyright: © 2020 by the authors
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/58996
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