Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Selective and cross-reactive SARS-CoV-2 T cell epitopes in unexposed humans

Mateus, J., Grifoni, A., Tarke, A., Sidney, J., Ramirez, S.I., Dan, J.M., Burger, Z.C., Rawlings, S.A., Smith, D.M., Phillips, E., Mallal, S., Lammers, M., Rubiro, P., Quiambao, L., Sutherland, A., Yu, E.D., da Silva Antunes, R., Greenbaum, J., Frazier, A., Markmann, A.J., Premkumar, L., de Silva, A., Peters, B., Crotty, S., Sette, A. and Weiskopf, D. (2020) Selective and cross-reactive SARS-CoV-2 T cell epitopes in unexposed humans. Science, 370 (6512). pp. 89-94.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd3871
*Subscription may be required

Abstract

Many unknowns exist about human immune responses to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus. SARS-CoV-2–reactive CD4+ T cells have been reported in unexposed individuals, suggesting preexisting cross-reactive T cell memory in 20 to 50% of people. However, the source of those T cells has been speculative. Using human blood samples derived before the SARS-CoV-2 virus was discovered in 2019, we mapped 142 T cell epitopes across the SARS-CoV-2 genome to facilitate precise interrogation of the SARS-CoV-2–specific CD4+ T cell repertoire. We demonstrate a range of preexisting memory CD4+ T cells that are cross-reactive with comparable affinity to SARS-CoV-2 and the common cold coronaviruses human coronavirus (HCoV)-OC43, HCoV-229E, HCoV-NL63, and HCoV-HKU1. Thus, variegated T cell memory to coronaviruses that cause the common cold may underlie at least some of the extensive heterogeneity observed in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) disease.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Institute for Immunology and Infectious Diseases
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Copyright: © 2020 American Association for the Advancement of Science.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/58894
Item Control Page Item Control Page