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Infection of dogs by Leishmania infantum elicits a general response of IgG subclasses

Olías-Molero, A.I., Moreno, I., Corral, M.J., Jiménez-Antón, M.D., Day, M.J., Domínguez, M. and Alunda, J.M. (2020) Infection of dogs by Leishmania infantum elicits a general response of IgG subclasses. Scientific Reports, 10 (1). Art. 18826.

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Leishmania infantum is the etiological agent of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis. In endemic areas, canine infections are considered the main source of infection for human populations. Therefore, any control of human leishmaniasis must include the control of canine infections. Chemotherapy of leishmaniasis is inadequate and canine immunoprophylaxis has important limitations. Reports on the response of infected dogs are abundant but no clear picture of immune events has emerged. To shed some light on these shortcomings the specific IgG subclass response was followed in 20 Beagle dogs experimentally infected with L. infantum using monoclonal antibodies (MAb) specific for canine IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4, along with ELISA and flow cytometry. Results showed that parasitic infection elicits a general response of all IgG subclasses, with a predominant IgG1 response and without any evidence of IgG1/IgG2 dichotomy. These findings suggest that the inconsistent results reported previously could be related to the lack of specific reagents and not to the actual differences in the immune response of infected animals. Differential IgG subclass reactivity in ELISA and cytometry and the analysis of the reacting antigens could facilitate the diagnosis and prognosis of the disease and provide a useful tool for adequate therapeutics and vaccine development against leishmaniasis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Springer Nature
Copyright: © 2020 Springer Nature Limited
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