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Five insights from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

Murray, C.J.L., Abbafati, C., Abbas, K.M., Abbasi, M., Abbasi-Kangevari, M., Abd-Allah, F., Abdollahi, M., Abedi, P., Abedi, A., Abolhassani, H., Aboyans, V., Abreu, L.G., Abrigo, M.R.M., Abu-Gharbieh, E., Abu Haimed, A.K., Abushouk, A.I., Acebedo, A., Ackerman, I.N., Adabi, M., Adamu, A.A., Adebayo, O.M., Adelson, J.D., Adetokunboh, O.O., Afarideh, M., Afshin, A., Agarwal, G., Agrawal, A., Ahmad, T., Ahmadi, K., Ahmadi, M., Ahmed, M.B., Aji, B., Akinyemiju, T., Akombi, B., Alahdab, F., Alam, K., Alanezi, F.M., Alanzi, T.M., Albertson, S.B., Alemu, B.W., Alemu, Y.M., Alhabib, K.F., Ali, M., Ali, S., Alicandro, G., Alipour, V., Alizade, H., Aljunid, S.M., Alla, F., Allebeck, P., Almadi, M.A.H., Almasi-Hashiani, A., Al-Mekhlafi, H.M., Almulhim, A.M., Alonso, J., Al-Raddadi, R.M., Altirkawi, K.A., Alvis-Guzman, N., Amare, B., Amare, A.T, Amini, S., Amit, A.M.L., Amugsi, D.A., Anbesu, E.W., Ancuceanu, R., Anderlini, D., Anderson, J.A., Andrei, T., Andrei, C.L., Anjomshoa, M., Ansari, F., Ansari-Moghaddam, A., Antonio, C.A.T., Antony, C.M., Anvari, D., Appiah, S.C.Y., Arabloo, J., Arab-Zozani, M., Aravkin, A.Y., Arba, A.A.K., Aripov, T., Ärnlöv, J., Arowosegbe, O.O., Asaad, M., Asadi-Aliabadi, M., Asadi-Pooya, A.A., Ashbaugh, C., Assmus, M., Atout, M.M.W., Ausloos, M., Ausloos, F., Ayala Quintanilla, B.P., Ayano, G., Ayanore, M.A., Azari, S., Azene, Z.N., Babaee, E., Badawi, A., Badiye, A.D., Bagherzadeh, M., Bairwa, M., Bakhtiari, A., Bakkannavar, S.M., Balachandran, A., Banach, M., Banerjee, S.K., Banik, P.C., Baraki, A.G., Barker-Collo, S.L., Basaleem, H., Basu, S., Baune, B.T., Bayati, M., Baye, B.A., Bedi, N., Beghi, E., Bell, M.L., Bensenor, I.M., Berhe, K., Berman, A.E., Bhagavathula, A.S., Bhala, N., Bhardwaj, P., Bhattacharyya, K., Bhattarai, S., Bhutta, Z.A., Bijani, A., Bikbov, B., Biondi, A., Bisignano, C., Biswas, R.K., Bjørge, T., Bohlouli, S., Bohluli, M., Bolla, S.R.R., Boloor, A., Bose, D., Boufous, S., Brady, O.J., Braithwaite, D., Brauer, M., Breitborde, N.J.K, Brenner, H., Breusov, A.V., Briant, P.S., Briggs, A.M., Britton, G.B., Brugha, T., Burugina Nagaraja, S., Busse, R., Butt, Z.A., Caetano dos Santos, F.L., Cámera, L.L.A., Campos-Nonato, I.R., Campuzano Rincon, J.C., Car, J., Cárdenas, R., Carreras, G., Carrero, J. J., Carvalho, F., Castaldelli-Maia, J.M., Castelpietra, G., Castro, F., Catalá-López, F., Causey, K., Cederroth, C.R., Cercy, K.M., Cerin, E., Chandan, J.S., Chang, J-C, Charan, J., Charlson, F. J., Chattu, V.K., Chaturvedi, S., Cherbuin, N., Chin, K.L., Chirinos-Caceres, J.L., Cho, D.Y., Choi, J-Y.J., Chu, D-T, Chung, S-C, Chung, M.T., Cicuttini, F.M., Cirillo, M., Cislaghi, B., Cohen, A.J., Compton, K., Corso, B., Cortesi, P.A., Costa, V.M., Cousin, E., Cowden, R.G., Cross, M., Crowe, C.S., Cummins, S., Dai, H., Dai, H., Damiani, G., Dandona, L., Dandona, R., Daneshpajouhnejad, P., Darwesh, A.M., Das, J.K., Das Gupta, R., das Neves, J., Davey, G., Dávila-Cervantes, C.A., Davis, A.C., De Leo, D., Denova-Gutiérrez, E., Deribe, K., Dervenis, N., Desai, R., Deuba, K., Dhungana, G.P., Dianatinasab, M., Diaz, D., Dichgans, M., Didarloo, A., Dippenaar, I.N., Dokova, K., Dolecek, C., Dorostkar, F., Doshi, P.P., Doshi, C.P., Doshmangir, L., Doxey, M.C., Driscoll, T.R., Duncan, B.B., Eagan, A.W., Ebrahimi, H., Ebrahimi Kalan, M., Edvardsson, D., Ehrlich, J.R., Elbarazi, I., Elgendy, I.Y., El-Jaafary, S.I., El Sayed Zaki, M., Elsharkawy, A., El Tantawi, M., Elyazar, I.R.F., Emamian, M.H., Eshrati, B., Eskandarieh, S., Esteghamati, A., Esteghamati, S., Fanzo, J., Faro, A., Farzadfar, F., Fattahi, N., Feigin, V.L, Fereshtehnejad, S-M, Fernandes, E., Ferrara, P., Ferrari, A.J., Filip, I., Fischer, F., Fisher, J.L., Fitzgerald, R., Foigt, N.A., Folayan, M.O., Fomenkov, A.A., Foroutan, M., Franklin, R.C., Freitas, M., Fukumoto, T., Furtado, J.M., Gad, M.M., Gaidhane, A.M., Gakidou, E., Gallus, S., Gardner, W.M., Geberemariyam, B.S., Gebremedhin, K.B., Gebremeskel, L.G., Gebresillassie, B.M., Geramo, Y.C.D., Gesesew, H.A., Gething, P.W., Gezae, K.E., Ghadiri, K., Ghaffarifar, F., Ghafourifard, M., Ghamari, F., Ghashghaee, A., Gholamian, A., Giampaoli, S., Gill, P.S., Gillum, R.F., Ginawi, I.A., Giussani, G., Gnedovskaya, E.V., Godinho, M.A., Golechha, M., Gona, P.N., Gopalani, S.V., Gorini, G., Goulart, B.N.G., Goulart, A.C., Grada, A., Greaves, F., Gudi, N., Guimarães, R.A., Guo, Y., Gupta, S.S., Gupta, R., Gupta, R., Haagsma, J.A., Hachinski, V., Hafezi-Nejad, N., Haile, L.M., Haj-Mirzaian, A., Hall, B. J., Hamadeh, R.R., Hamidi, S., Han, C., Hankey, G.J., Haro, J.M., Hasaballah, A.I., Hashi, A., Hassan, A., Hassanipour, S., Hassankhani, H., Havmoeller, R. J., Hay, S.I., Hayat, K., Henok, A., Henry, N.J., Herteliu, C., Heydarpour, F., Ho, H.C., Hole, M.K., Holla, R., Hoogar, P., Hopf, K.P., Hosgood, H.D., Hossain, N., Hosseinzadeh, M., Hostiuc, M., Hostiuc, S., Househ, M., Hoy, D.G., Hu, G., Huda, T.M., Hugo, F.N., Humayun, A., Hussain, R., Hwang, B-F, Iavicoli, I., Ibeneme, C.U., Ibitoye, S.E., Ikuta, K.S., Ilesanmi, O.S., Ilic, I.M., Ilic, M.D., Inbaraj, L.R., Iqbal, U., Irvani, S.S.N., Islam, M.M., Islam, S.M.S., Iso, H., Iwu, C.C.D., Jaafari, J., Jahagirdar, D., Jahani, M.A., Jakovljevic, M., Jalali, A., Jalilian, F., Janodia, M.D., Javaheri, T., Jenabi, E., Jha, R.P., Jha, V., Ji, J.S., Johnson, C.O., Jonas, J.B., Jürisson, M., Kabir, A., Kabir, Z., Kalani, R., Kalankesh, L.R., Kalhor, R., Kanchan, T., Kapoor, N., Karami Matin, B., Karch, A., Karim, M.A., Karimi, S.E., Kasa, A.S., Kassebaum, N. J., Kayode, G.A., Kazemi Karyani, A., Keiyoro, P., Khalid, N., Khammarnia, M., Khan, M., Khan, E.A., Khan, G., Khatab, K., Khater, M.M., Khatib, M.N., Khazaie, H., Khoja, A.T., Khubchandani, J., Kianipour, N., Kieling, C., Kim, Y-E, Kim, Y.J., Kimokoti, R.W., Kinfu, Y., Kisa, S., Kisa, A., Kissoon, N., Kivimäki, M., Kneib, C.J., Knight, M., Koh, D.S.Q., Komaki, H., Kopec, J.A., Kosen, S., Kotlo, A., Koul, P.A., Koyanagi, A., Krishan, K., Krohn, K.J., KS, S., Kumar, G.A., Kumar, N., Kumar, M., Kurmi, O.P., Kusuma, D., Kyu, H.H., Lacey, B., Lal, D.K., Lalloo, R., Lallukka, T., Lan, Q., Landires, I., Larson, H.J., Lasrado, S., Lau, K.M-M, Lauriola, P., La Vecchia, C., Leal, L.F., Leasher, J.L., Ledesma, J.R., Lee, P.H., Lee, S.W.H., Leonardi, M., Leung, J., Li, B., Li, S., Lim, L-L, Lin, R-T, Listl, S., Liu, X., Liu, Y., Logroscino, G., Lopez, J.C.F., Lorkowski, S., Lozano, R., Lu, A., Lugo, A., Lunevicius, R., Lyons, R.A., Ma, J., Machado, D.B., Maddison, E.R., Mahasha, P.W., Mahmoudi, M., Majeed, A., Maled, V., Maleki, S., Maleki, A., Malekzadeh, R., Malta, D.C., Mamun, A.A., Manguerra, H., Mansouri, B., Mansournia, M.A., Mantilla Herrera, A.M., Martini, S., Martins-Melo, F.R., Martopullo, I., Masoumi, S.Z., Massenburg, B.B., Mathur, M.R., Maulik, P.K., Mazidi, M., McAlinden, C., McGrath, J.J., McKee, M., Mehndiratta, M.M., Mehri, F., Mehta, K.M., Melese, A., Memish, Z.A., Mendoza, W., Menezes, R.G., Mengesha, E.W., Meretoja, T.J., Meretoja, A., Mestrovic, T., Miazgowski, B., Michalek, I.M., Milne, G.J., Miri, M., Mirica, A., Mirrakhimov, E.M., Mirzaei, H., Mirzaei, M., Mirzaei-Alavijeh, M., Misganaw, A.T., Moazen, B., Moghadaszadeh, M., Mohajer, B., Mohamad, O., Mohammad, Y., Mohammad, D.K., Mohammad Gholi Mezerji, N., Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A., Mohammed, S., Mohebi, F., Mokdad, A.H., Molokhia, M., Monasta, L., Mooney, M.D., Moradi, M., Moradi, G., Moradi-Lakeh, M., Moradzadeh, R., Moraga, P., Morawska, L., Morgado-da-Costa, J., Morrison, S.D., Mosapour, A., Mosser, J.F., Mousavi, S.M., Mousavi Khaneghah, A., Mueller, U.O., Mullany, E.C., Musa, K.I., Naderi, M., Nagarajan, A.J., Naghavi, M., Naghshtabrizi, B., Naimzada, M.D., Najafi, F., Naldi, L., Nayak, V.C., Nazari, J., Ndejjo, R., Negoi, I., Negoi, R.I., Netsere, H.B.N., Nguefack-Tsague, G., Ngunjiri, J.W., Nguyen, D.N., Nguyen, H.L.T., Nichols, E., Nigatu, Y.T., Nikbakhsh, R., Nixon, M.R., Nnaji, C.A., Nomura, S., Noubiap, J.J., Nowak, C., Nsoesie, E.O., Nunez-Samudio, V., Ogbo, F.A., Oghenetega, O.B., Okunga, E.W., Oladnabi, M., Olagunju, A.T., Olusanya, J.O., Olusanya, B.O., Omar Bali, A., Omer, M.O., Ong, S., Ong, K.L., Onwujekwe, O.E., Oren, E., Ortiz, A., Ostroff, S.M., Oţoiu, A., Otstavnov, N., Otstavnov, S.S., Øverland, S., Owolabi, M.O., Mahesh, P.A., Padubidri, J., Pakhale, S., Pakshir, K., Palladino, R., Pana, A., Panda-Jonas, S., Parmar, P.G.K., Pathak, M., Patton, G.C., Pazoki Toroudi, H., Peden, A.E., Pepito, V.C.F., Peprah, E.K., Pereira, D.M., Pereira, A., Pereira, J., Perico, N., Pescarini, J.M., Pham, H.Q., Phillips, M.R., Piccinelli, C., Pilz, T.M., Pinheiro, M., Piradov, M.A., Pirsaheb, M., Pishgar, F., Pond, C.D., Postma, M.J., Pottoo, F.H., Pourjafar, H., Pourmalek, F., Prada, S.I., Prasad, N., Pribadi, D.R.A., Pupillo, E., Quazi Syed, Z., Rabiee, N., Rabiee, M., Radfar, A., Rafiee, A., Raggi, A., Rahman, M.H.U., Rahman, M.A., Ramezanzadeh, K., Ranabhat, C.L., Ranta, A., Rao, S.J., Rao, P.C., Rasella, D., Rashedi, V., Rastogi, P., Rawaf, S., Rawaf, D.L., Rawal, L., Rawassizadeh, R., Rawat, R., Razo, C., Regassa, L.D., Reitsma, M.B., Remuzzi, G., Renjith, V., Renzaho, A.M.N., Resnikoff, S., Rezaei, N., Rezaei, N., Rezai, M.S., Rezapour, A., Rhinehart, P-A, Riahi, S.M., Ribeiro, A.L.P., Ribeiro, D.C., Rickard, J., Roever, L., Romoli, M., Ronfani, L., Roshandel, G., Rubagotti, E., Rumisha, S.F., Rwegerera, G.M., Saadatagah, S., Sabour, S., Sachdev, P.S., Saddik, B., Sadeghi, M., Sadeghi, E., Saeedi Moghaddam, S., Sahebkar, A., Sahraian, M.A., Sajadi, S.M., Salem, M.R.R., Salem, H., Salimzadeh, H., Salomon, J.A., Salz, I., Samad, Z., Samadi Kafil, H., Samy, A.M., Sanabria, J., Santomauro, D.F., Santric-Milicevic, M.M., Saraswathy, S.Y.I., Sarrafzadegan, N., Sartorius, B., Sarveazad, A., Sathian, B., Sathish, T., Sattin, D., Schaeffer, L.E, Schiavolin, S., Schmidt, M.I., Schutte, A.E., Schwebel, D.C., Schwendicke, F., Sepanlou, S.G., Sha, F., Shafaat, O., Shahabi, S., Shaheen, A.A., Shaikh, M.A., Shams-Beyranvand, M., Shamsizadeh, M., Sharafi, K., Sharara, F., Sheikh, A., Shetty, B.S.K., Shibuya, K., Shigematsu, M., Shin, M-J, Shin, J.I., Shiri, R., Shivakumar, K.M., Shrime, M.G., Shuval, K., Sigfusdottir, I.D., Sigurvinsdottir, R., Silva, D.A.S., Silva, J.P., Simonetti, B., Singh, J.A., Singh, P., Singh, A., Sinha, D.N., Skryabin, V.Y., Sliwa, K., Smith, E.U.R., Soheili, A., Soltani, S., Somefun, O.D., Sorensen, R.J.D, Soriano, J.B., Sorrie, M.B., Soyiri, I.N., Sreeramareddy, C.T., Sripada, K., Stanaway, J.D., Ştefan, S.C., 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(2020) Five insights from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet, 396 (10258). pp. 1135-1159.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31404-5
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Abstract

The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 provides a rules-based synthesis of the available evidence on levels and trends in health outcomes, a diverse set of risk factors, and health system responses. GBD 2019 covered 204 countries and territories, as well as first administrative level disaggregations for 22 countries, from 1990 to 2019. Because GBD is highly standardised and comprehensive, spanning both fatal and non-fatal outcomes, and uses a mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive list of hierarchical disease and injury causes, the study provides a powerful basis for detailed and broad insights on global health trends and emerging challenges. GBD 2019 incorporates data from 281 586 sources and provides more than 3·5 billion estimates of health outcome and health system measures of interest for global, national, and subnational policy dialogue. All GBD estimates are publicly available and adhere to the Guidelines on Accurate and Transparent Health Estimate Reporting. From this vast amount of information, five key insights that are important for health, social, and economic development strategies have been distilled. These insights are subject to the many limitations outlined in each of the component GBD capstone papers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Business
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/58540
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