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Plasma‐activated water inhibits in vitro conidial germination of Colletotrichum alienum , A postharvest pathogen of avocado

Siddique, S.S., Hardy, G.E.St.J. and Bayliss, K.L.ORCID: 0000-0002-4431-3389 (2020) Plasma‐activated water inhibits in vitro conidial germination of Colletotrichum alienum , A postharvest pathogen of avocado. Plant Pathology . Early View.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13291
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Abstract

Cold plasma, an ionized gas produced by applying an electrical current to air, can be used to produce plasma‐activated water (PAW), which has excellent antimicrobial properties. In this study PAW was applied to conidia of Colletotrichum alienum to investigate its impact on conidial germination in vitro. PAW was produced by treating tap, deionized, or distilled water with cold plasma for 30 or 60 min to produce PAW30 or PAW60, each of which was then incubated for up to 24 hr with a conidial suspension of C. alienum in a ratio of 1:1, 1:2, or 1:3 (conidial suspension:PAW), and the percentage germination measured. The greatest reduction in germination occurred when conidia were incubated with PAW60 produced from deionized water or distilled water, for all ratios. For PAW30, deionized water was the most effective for all three ratios, and on this basis, deionized water was selected for all further experiments. PAW produced from smaller volumes of water and at shorter distances from the cold plasma source was more effective at reducing germination. Treatment of conidia with acidified water was not as effective as PAW at inhibiting germination. Nitrates and nitrites were present in the PAW in varying concentrations and may have contributed to the inhibition of germination. PAW retained activity and reduced germination even after storage for 15 days. These findings demonstrate the potential of PAW as a novel treatment for postharvest fungal pathogens.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Copyright: © 2020 British Society for Plant Pathology
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/58480
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