Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Smoking and mental illness: A bibliometric analysis of research output over time

Metse, A.P.ORCID: 0000-0002-8641-1024, Wiggers, J., Wye, P., Wolfenden, L., Prochaska, J.J., Stockings, E., Williams, J.M., Ansell, K., Fehily, C. and Bowman, J.A. (2016) Smoking and mental illness: A bibliometric analysis of research output over time. European Journal of Public Health, 26 (suppl_1). p. 46.

Free to read:
*No subscription required



The prevalence of smoking among persons with a mental illness has remained largely unchanged, and is currently 2-3 times higher than the general population in high income countries. Assessment of the amount and characteristics of research output can assist in identifying research priorities to promote progress within a field. The aim of this study was to examine the volume and characteristics of publications in the field of smoking and mental illness over time.


A descriptive repeat cross sectional study was conducted of peer reviewed publications in Medline and PsycINFO for 1993, 2003 and 2013. Publications were classified as either data or non-data based, with data based publications being further categorised in terms of study type, population and setting.


176 publications were included in the review (1993: 30; 2003: 47; 2013: 99). The proportion of data based publications significantly increased, with 57% in 1993, 72% in 2003 and 81% in 2013 (p = 0.03). Data based publications remained predominantly descriptive across all three time points (1993: 71%; 2003: 88%; 2013: 88%), with few publications having a measures or intervention focus (p = 0.68). An increase was suggested in the amount of publications reporting on study populations with multiple diagnostic categories (1993: 12%; 2003: 39%; 2013: 42%), and in research focussed on generalist health care or other settings (1993: 18%; 2003: 35%; 2013: 45%), relative to mental health settings.


Research focussing on the effectiveness and implementation of interventions to reduce smoking among persons with mental illness is needed.

Key message:

- To redress the tobacco-related health inequities experienced by persons with a mental illness increased research effort is required, particularly that focussing on rigorous interventions

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association
Copyright: © The Author 2016
Item Control Page Item Control Page