Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Bradyrhizobium archetypum sp. nov., Bradyrhizobium australiense sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium murdochi sp. nov., isolated from nodules of legumes indigenous to Western Australia

Helene, L.C.F., Klepa, M.S., O’Hara, G. and Hungria, M. (2020) Bradyrhizobium archetypum sp. nov., Bradyrhizobium australiense sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium murdochi sp. nov., isolated from nodules of legumes indigenous to Western Australia. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 70 (8). pp. 4623-4636.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.004322
*Subscription may be required

Abstract

The genus Bradyrhizobium is considered as the probable ancestor lineage of all rhizobia, broadly spread in a variety of ecosystems and with remarkable diversity. A polyphasic study was performed to characterize and clarify the taxonomic position of eight bradyrhizobial strains isolated from indigenous legumes to Western Australia. As expected for the genus, the 16S rRNA gene sequences were highly conserved, but the results of multilocus sequence analysis with four housekeeping genes (dnaK, glnII, gyrB and recA) confirmed three new distinct clades including the following strains: (1) WSM 1744T, WSM 1736 and WSM 1737; (2) WSM 1791T and WSM 1742; and (3) WSM 1741T, WSM 1735 and WSM 1790. The highest ANI values of the three groups in relation to the closest type strains were 92.4, 92.3 and 93.3 %, respectively, below the threshold of species circumscription. The digital DNA–DNA hybridization analysis also confirmed new species descriptions, with less than 52 % relatedness with the closest type strains. The phylogeny of the symbiotic gene nodC clustered the eight strains into the symbiovar retamae, together with seven Bradyrhizobium type strains, sharing from 94.2–98.1 % nucleotide identity (NI), and less than 88.7 % NI with other related strains and symbiovars. Morpho-physiological, phylogenetics, genomic and symbiotic traits were determined for the new groups and our data support the description of three new species, Bradyrhizobium archetypum sp. nov., Bradyrhizobium australiense sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium murdochi sp. nov., with WSM 1744T (=CNPSo 4013T=LMG 31646T), WSM 1791T (=CNPSo 4014T=LMG 31647T) and WSM 1741T (=CNPSo 4020T=LMG 31651T) designated as type strains, respectively.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Centre for Rhizobium Studies
Publisher: Society for General Microbiology
Copyright: © 2020 The Author(s).
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/57645
Item Control Page Item Control Page