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Charge and exciton dynamics of OLEDs under high voltage nanosecond pulse: towards injection lasing

Ahmad, V., Sobus, J., Greenberg, M., Shukla, A., Philippa, B., Pivrikas, A., Vamvounis, G., White, R., Lo, S-C and Namdas, E.B. (2020) Charge and exciton dynamics of OLEDs under high voltage nanosecond pulse: towards injection lasing. Nature Communications, 11 (1). Art.4310.

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Electrical pumping of organic semiconductor devices involves charge injection, transport, device on/off dynamics, exciton formation and annihilation processes. A comprehensive model analysing those entwined processes together is most helpful in determining the dominating loss pathways. In this paper, we report experimental and theoretical results of Super Yellow (Poly(p-phenylene vinylene) co-polymer) organic light emitting diodes operating at high current density under high voltage nanosecond pulses. We demonstrate complete exciton and charge carrier dynamics of devices, starting from charge injection to light emission, in a time scale spanning from the sub-ns to microsecond region, and compare results with optical pumping. The experimental data is accurately replicated by simulation, which provides a robust test platform for any organic materials. The universality of our model is successfully demonstrated by its application to three other laser active materials. The findings provide a tool to narrow the search for material and device designs for injection lasing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: Springer Nature
Copyright: © 2020 The Authors
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