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Validation of a commercial magnetic bead–based multiplex assay for 5 novel biomarkers of acute kidney injury in canine serum

Davis, J.ORCID: 0000-0002-7078-1645, Raisis, A.L., Miller, D.W.ORCID: 0000-0002-4634-5819 and Rossi, G.ORCID: 0000-0003-4879-9504 (2020) Validation of a commercial magnetic bead–based multiplex assay for 5 novel biomarkers of acute kidney injury in canine serum. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 32 (5). pp. 656-663.

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Interest is growing in measurement of novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of acute kidney injury. Multiplex assays may provide a rapid and cost-effective way of measurement; however, sparse information is published regarding their use in dogs. We aimed to validate a commercial magnetic bead–based assay for 5 biomarkers: clusterin (Clus), cystatin C (CysC), kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and neutrophil gelatinase–associated lipocalin (NGAL). Intra- and inter-assay imprecision, linearity under dilution (LUD), spike recovery (S-R), and hemoglobin interference were evaluated using serum from healthy and diseased dogs. Additionally, the effect of sample type (serum vs. plasma) was investigated. All values for Clus and MCP-1 were outside the assay’s measurable range. Intra- and inter-assay precision were acceptable for NGAL (CVs 8.8% and 13.2%, respectively). Regression analysis of LUD and S-R indicated good linearity for CysC and NGAL. Hemolysis did not affect measurement of any biomarker. Measured concentrations of CysC (p = 0.018) and NGAL (p = 0.015) were significantly lower in sodium citrate plasma compared to serum. We conclude that this magnetic bead–based assay is precise and accurate for NGAL measurement in canine serum. Inappropriate standards for MCP-1 and Clus, and poor accuracy for KIM-1 measurement, suggest that this assay cannot reliably quantify those biomarkers in canine blood. Measurements of CysC in canine blood using this assay must be interpreted with caution given inter-assay imprecision.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Veterinary Medicine
Publisher: American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians
Copyright: © 2020 The Authors(s)
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