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The changes in the release level of polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 and ω-6) and lipids in the untreated and water-soaked chia seed

Zare, T., Rupasinghe, T.W.T., Boughton, B.A.ORCID: 0000-0001-6342-9814 and Roessner, U. (2019) The changes in the release level of polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 and ω-6) and lipids in the untreated and water-soaked chia seed. Food Research International, 126 . Article 108665.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108665
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Abstract

Despite recent studies on health benefits of chia seed owing to its high content of ω-3 fatty acids, little work has been conducted on extractability of its nutrients. We examined the effect of soaking chia seed in water on the extractability of its omega fatty acids and lipids. State-of-the-art mass spectrometry techniques including GC-MS, LC-MS, and MALDI-MSI were utilized to identify and determine the spatial distribution of omega fatty acids and lipids in chia seed. Results showed that 24 h soaking in water improves the extractability of omega fatty acids and the ω-6:ω-3 ratio. Increase in the release levels of triacylglycerols and diacylglycerols and reduction in the release levels of phosphatidylcholines are envisaged to be the result of cell wall weakening and consequently availability of lipids for extraction. Results of MALDI-MSI show that highly abundant lipid species are mainly localised in the chia seed endosperm rather than its mucilage.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Copyright: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/56444
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