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Distribution and growth dynamics of invasive goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) in its introduced range in Estonia, and some Australian comparisons

Birnbaum, C., Sammul, M. and Kull, T. (2017) Distribution and growth dynamics of invasive goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) in its introduced range in Estonia, and some Australian comparisons. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia, 100 (1). 18 -25.

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Abstract

Understanding the distribution and population dynamics of invasive plant species is fundamental to our capacity to appropriately predict and manage plant invasions. The invasion biology of non-native Solidago canadensis in Estonia was investigated for the first time by assessing its distribution patterns and growth dynamics. First, fifty-two peri-urban populations were surveyed, and population location, size, adjacent communities, number of shoots as well as shoot height were recorded. Then, thirty genets were excavated from previously surveyed populations in order to analyze their age and growth traits in the vicinity of Tartu. The majority of S. canadensis populations were small, i.e. occupying less than 50 m2, had 1 to 50 plants per population and were located predominantly on disturbed roadsides. The surveyed populations were young, with the average age of genets estimated to be five years at the time of sampling in 2006. We suggest that S. canadensis is well adapted to a wide range of habitats but predominantly occurs in human-disturbed habitats adjacent to settlements and roads. We found that Solidago canadensis genet age did not affect significantly its growth traits suggesting that growth traits are similar between younger and older genets.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Environmental and Conservation Sciences
School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Royal Society of Western Australia
Copyright: © 2017 Royal Society of Western Australia
Publishers Website: https://www.rswa.org.au/
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/55428
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