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Effect of regular precooling on adaptation to training in the heat

Choo, H.C., Peiffer, J.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-3331-1177, Pang, J.W.J., Tan, F.H.Y., Aziz, A.R., Ihsan, M., Lee, J.K.W. and Abbiss, C.R. (2020) Effect of regular precooling on adaptation to training in the heat. European Journal of Applied Physiology . In Press.

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This study investigated whether regular precooling would help to maintain day-to-day training intensity and improve 20-km cycling time trial (TT) performed in the heat. Twenty males cycled for 10 day × 60 min at perceived exertion equivalent to 15 in the heat (35 °C, 50% relative humidity), preceded by no cooling (CON, n = 10) or 30-min water immersion at 22 °C (PRECOOL, n = 10).

19 participants (n = 9 and 10 for CON and PRECOOL, respectively) completed heat stress tests (25-min at 60% V˙O2peak and 20-km TT) before and after heat acclimation.

Changes in mean power output (∆MPO, P = 0.024) and heart rate (∆HR, P = 0.029) during heat acclimation were lower for CON (∆MPO − 2.6 ± 8.1%, ∆HR − 7 ± 7 bpm), compared with PRECOOL (∆MPO + 2.9 ± 6.6%, ∆HR − 1 ± 8 bpm). HR during constant-paced cycling was decreased from the pre-acclimation test in both groups (P < 0.001). Only PRECOOL demonstrated lower rectal temperature (Tre) during constant-paced cycling (P = 0.002) and lower Tre threshold for sweating (P = 0.042). However, skin perfusion and total sweat output did not change in either CON or PRECOOL (all P > 0.05). MPO (P = 0.016) and finish time (P = 0.013) for the 20-km TT were improved in PRECOOL but did not change in CON (P = 0.052 for MPO, P = 0.140 for finish time).

Precooling maintains day-to-day training intensity and does not appear to attenuate adaptation to training in the heat.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Psychology, Counselling, Exercise Science and Chiropractic
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Copyright: © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
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