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Towards a conceptual framework for the management of novel ecosystems

Hallett, L.M., Standish, R.J.ORCID: 0000-0001-8118-1904, Hulvey, K.B., Gardener, M.R., Suding, K.N., Starzomski, B.M., Murphy, S.D. and Harris, J.A. (2013) Towards a conceptual framework for the management of novel ecosystems. In: Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E.S. and Hall, C.M., (eds.) Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order. Wiley, pp. 16-28.

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Novel ecosystems can serve conservation aims, whether by maintaining species diversity or providing ecosystem services. The chapter presents a framework to aid in evaluation of such benefits. It first describes approaches to identify thresholds shifts into novel territory. Second, it considers how functional similarities between novel and historical ecosystems can inform decisions about when and how to intervene in novel ecosystems. It concludes with a discussion of practical considerations and methods for managing these systems. The chapter presents the story of Rodrigues fody (Foudia flavicans), which highlights three key points. First, it indicates that novel species interactions should be considered in conservation efforts. Second, it demonstrates that novel ecosystems can provide some of the same functions as their historical counterparts. Lastly, it serves as a cautionary tale: the fody nearly went extinct due to anthropogenic land change.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publisher: Wiley
Copyright: © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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