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The Self-Presentation motives for physical activity questionnaire: Instrument development and preliminary construct validity evidence

Howle, T.C., Dimmock, J.A., Whipp, P.R.ORCID: 0000-0002-5895-2667 and Jackson, B. (2015) The Self-Presentation motives for physical activity questionnaire: Instrument development and preliminary construct validity evidence. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37 (3). pp. 225-243.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2014-0134
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Abstract

With the aim of advancing the literature on impression management in physical activity settings, we developed a theoretically derived 2 by 2 instrument that was designed to measure different types of context-specific selfpresentation motives. Following item generation and expert review (Study 1), the instrument was completed by 206 group exercise class attendees (Study 2) and 463 high school physical education students (Study 3). Our analyses supported the intended factor structure (i.e., reflecting acquisitive-agentic, acquisitive-communal, protective-agentic, and protective-communal motives). We found some support for construct validity, and the self-presentation motives were associated with variables of theoretical and applied interest (e.g., impression motivation and construction, social anxiety, social and achievement goals, efficacy beliefs, engagement). Taken together, the results indicate that the Self-presentation Motives for Physical Activity Questionnaire (SMPAQ) may be useful for measuring various types of self-presentation motives in physical activity settings.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Copyright: © 2015 Human Kinetics
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/55144
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