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Global DNA methylation and cognitive and behavioral outcomes at 4 years of age: A cross‐sectional study

Taylor, R.M., Smith, R., Collins, C.E., Mossman, D., Wong‐Brown, M.W., Chan, E‐C, Evans, T‐J, Attia, J.R., Buckley, N., Drysdale, K., Smith, T., Butler, T. and Hure, A.J. (2020) Global DNA methylation and cognitive and behavioral outcomes at 4 years of age: A cross‐sectional study. Brain and Behavior, 10 (4). Art. e01579.

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Abstract

Background
Accumulating evidence suggests that breastfeeding exclusivity and duration are positively associated with child cognition. This study investigated whether DNA methylation, an epigenetic mechanism modified by nutrient intake, may contribute to the link between breastfeeding and child cognition. The aim was to quantify the relationship between global DNA methylation and cognition and behavior at 4 years of age.

Methods
Child behavior and cognition were measured at age 4 years using the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, third version (WPPSI‐III), and Child Behavior Checklist (CBC). Global DNA methylation (%5‐methylcytosines (%5mC)) was measured in buccal cells at age 4 years, using an enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) commercial kit. Linear regression models were used to quantify the statistical relationships.

Results
Data were collected from 73 children recruited from the Women and Their Children's Health (WATCH) study. No statistically significant associations were found between global DNA methylation levels and child cognition or behavior (p > .05), though the estimates of effect were consistently negative. Global DNA methylation levels in males were significantly higher than in females (median %5mC: 1.82 vs. 1.03, males and females, respectively, (p < .05)).

Conclusion
No association was found between global DNA methylation and child cognition and behavior; however given the small sample, this study should be pooled with other cohorts in future meta‐analyses.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Psychology and Exercise Science
Publisher: Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Copyright: © 2020 The Authors.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/55021
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