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The association between physical fitness parameters and white matter microstructure in older adults: A diffusion tensor imaging study

Chen, F‐T, Erickson, K.I., Huang, H. and Chang, Y‐K (2020) The association between physical fitness parameters and white matter microstructure in older adults: A diffusion tensor imaging study. Psychophysiology . Early View.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13539
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Abstract

The present study was designed to examine whether different measures of physical fitness are differentially associated with white matter (WM) microstructure in older adults. Fifty‐six healthy adults (mean age: 59.14 years) completed a standardized evaluation of physical fitness measurements (e.g., VO2peak, push‐ups, abdominal sit‐ups, sit‐and‐reach, t test, and vertical jump). Fractional anisotropy (FA), an index of WM microstructure, was assessed using diffusion tensor imaging. The findings indicated that the cardiorespiratory fitness was positively associated with FA in the right cingulum hippocampus and the left cerebral peduncle. However, other physical fitness metrics were not significantly associated with FA in any region. These results suggest that cardiorespiratory fitness, but not other metrics of fitness, might be sensitive to WM microstructure.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Psychology, Counselling, Exercise Science and Chiropractic
Publisher: Wiley
Copyright: © 2020 Society for Psychophysiological Research
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/54756
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