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Nitrogen cycling enhanced by conservation agriculture in a rice-based cropping system of the eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain

Islam, M.A., Bell, R.W.ORCID: 0000-0002-7756-3755, Johansen, C., Jahiruddin, M. and Haque, M.E. (2016) Nitrogen cycling enhanced by conservation agriculture in a rice-based cropping system of the eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain. In: 2016 International Nitrogen Initiative (INI) Conference, 4 - 8 December 2016, Melbourne, Australia.

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Abstract

Changes in soil tillage and residue retention after introducing conservation agriculture practices in intensive rice-based cropping systems in Bangladesh may alter nitrogen (N) cycling and N fertilizer requirements. An experiment was established on a farmer’s field, with a legume dominated-rotation (lentil-mungbean-monsoon rice), two types of tillage – strip planting (SP) and conventional tillage (CT); and two levels of residue retention – high residue (HR) and low residue (LR). A total seven crops were studied in the 2.5 year periods (2010-13). Soil total N concentration (TN), soil N-stocks after Crop 7 and the annual N accumulation rates at 0-15 cm soil depth for 2010-13 are presented. At the end of Crop 7 (after 2.5 years), SP treatment increased the TN concentrations and N-stocks by 11 % compared to CT at 0-15 cm soil depth. The annual soil N accumulation rates were 66 kg/ha with SP while N losses were 20 kg/ha under CT during 2010-13. The N accumulation rate was 3.3 times higher with HR than LR. From 2010 to 2013, the N balance calculation indicated an estimated N gain of 51 kg/ha in SPHR but a loss in CT which ranged from 9 kg/ha in CTHR to 319 kg/ha in CTLR at 0-15 cm soil depth. The N uptake was also 14 % higher from grain and straw under SP than CT. Both SP and HR increased TN, N-stocks and N accumulation by contrast with N loss under CT. However, the turnover of TN in SPHR needs longer investigation because of likely effects on N fertiliser requirements.

Item Type: Conference Item
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Conference Website: http://www.ini2016.com/
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/54225
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