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Impacts of epizootic ulcerative syndrome on subsistence fisheries and wildlife

Herbert, B., Jones, J.B.ORCID: 0000-0002-0773-2007, Mohan, C.V. and Perera, R.P. (2019) Impacts of epizootic ulcerative syndrome on subsistence fisheries and wildlife. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, 38 (2). pp. 459-475.

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Epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS), caused by the water mould (Oomycota) Aphanomyces invadans, has spread throughout the world’s major continents over the last 50 years, with the apparent exception of South and Central America. With over 160 susceptible fish species representing 54 families and 16 orders recorded to date, EUS is of international concern and infection with A. invadans is a World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) listed disease. This paper examines what little has been reported on the impacts of EUS on subsistence fisheries and wildlife, or what can be deduced about those impacts, and concludes that there is a need for systematic data collection on the size and socio-economic importance of subsistence fisheries. Such fisheries are often relied upon by the poorest communities, thus food and nutrition security impacts can be significant. Similarly, impacts on wildlife are poorly documented, emphasising the lack of, and the need for, research on and modelling of the ecosystem-level impacts of EUS and other aquatic animal diseases. The history of EUS and several other aquatic animal diseases also brings into question the effectiveness of current measures for controlling the international spread of aquatic animal diseases and calls for a re-think on how best to meet this ongoing challenge.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Office International des Epizooties (OIE)
Copyright: © 2019 OIE
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