Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Revealing the interplay between charge transport, luminescence efficiency, and morphology in organic Light‐emitting diode blends

Gao, M., Lee, T., Burn, P.L., Mark, A.E., Pivrikas, A. and Shaw, P.E. (2019) Revealing the interplay between charge transport, luminescence efficiency, and morphology in organic Light‐emitting diode blends. Advanced Functional Materials . Early View.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201907942
*Subscription may be required

Abstract

Phosphorescent emissive materials in organic light‐emitting diodes (OLEDs) manufactured using evaporation are usually blended with host materials at a concentration of 3–15 wt% to avoid concentration quenching of the luminescence. Here, experimental measurements of hole mobility and photoluminescence are related to the atomic level morphology of films created using atomistic nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations mimicking the evaporation process with similar guest concentrations as those used in operational test devices. For blends of fac‐tris[2‐phenylpyridinato‐C2,N]iridium(III) [Ir(ppy)3] in tris(4‐carbazoyl‐9‐ylphenyl)amine (TCTA), it is found that clustering of the Ir(ppy)3 (surface of the molecules within ≈0.4 nm) in the simulated films is directly relatable to the experimentally‐measured hole mobility. Films containing 1–10 wt% of Ir(ppy)3 in TCTA have a mobility of up to two orders of magnitude lower (≈10−6 cm2 V−1 s−1) than the neat TCTA film, which is consistent with the Ir(ppy)3 molecules acting as hole traps due to their smaller ionization potential. Comparison of the simulated film morphologies with the measured photoluminescence properties shows that for luminescence quenching to occur, the Ir(ppy)3 molecules have to have their ligands partially overlapping. Thus, the results show that the effect of guest interactions on charge transport and luminescence are markedly different for OLED light‐emitting layers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Copyright: © 2019 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/53993
Item Control Page Item Control Page