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Impact of fixation method on postoperative complication rates following surgical stabilization of diaphyseal tibial fractures in cats

Bruce, M.ORCID: 0000-0003-3176-2094 and Perry, K.L. (2015) Impact of fixation method on postoperative complication rates following surgical stabilization of diaphyseal tibial fractures in cats. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 28 (02). pp. 109-115.

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Free to read: https://doi.org/10.3415/VCOT-14-08-0120
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Abstract

Objectives: To compare the complication rate between open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and external skeletal fixation (ESF) for feline diaphyseal tibial fractures.

Methods: In a retrospective study spanning a 10 year period, 57 feline tibial fractures stabilized via ESF or ORIF were included for analysis and complication rates were compared between the two methods.

Results: In the overall study population, 23 (40.4%) cases suffered complications (9 major, 20 minor, 6 with both major and minor). All of the major complications occurred in the ESF group. Complications were more common in cats with ESF (50.0%) while only one (7.7%) of the ORIF cases suffered complications (OR 12.0 [CI: 2.09; 228.10], p = 0.02). Use of postoperative antibiotic medications was identified as a confounder. After adjusting for confounding, stabilization using ESF remained associated with a higher risk of complications (OR = 13.71 [CI: 2.18; 274.25], p = 0.02). Cats with ESF had a longer duration of follow-up (15.6 weeks; 95% CI: 13.0; 18.3) compared to ORIF (9.5 weeks; 95% CI: 6.4; 12.7) (p = 0.003), and a higher number of revisits (mean 3.0; 95% CI: 2.4; 3.6) than the ORIF group (mean 1.6; 95% CI: 0.9; 2.3) (p = 0.002).

Clinical significance: This study demonstrates a significant difference in complication rates between the methods of stabilization, with ESF resulting in a significantly higher complication rate compared to ORIF. Based on these results, it may be prudent to select ORIF for stabilization of feline tibial fractures wherever practical.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Schattauer
Copyright: © Schattauer 2015
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/52884
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