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The economic efficiency and equity of government policies on brucellosis: comparative insights from Albania and the United States of America

Peck, D. and Bruce, M.ORCID: 0000-0003-3176-2094 (2017) The economic efficiency and equity of government policies on brucellosis: comparative insights from Albania and the United States of America. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, 36 (1). pp. 291-302.

Free to read: https://doi.org/10.20506/rst.36.1.2629
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Abstract

Brucellosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease that causes recurring febrile illness in humans, as well as reproductive failure and reduced milk production in livestock. The cost of brucellosis is equal to the sum of lost productivity of humans and animals, as well as private and public expenditures on brucellosis surveillance, prevention, control and treatment. In Albania, Brucella abortus and B. melitensis affect humans, cattle and small ruminants. In the United States, B. abortus affects cattle and wild ungulates in the Greater Yellowstone Area. These two case studies illustrate the importance of place-specific context in developing sustainable and effective brucellosis mitigation policies. Government regulations and mitigation strategies should be designed with consideration of all costs and benefits, both to public agencies and private stakeholders. Policy-makers should, for example, weigh the benefits of a regulation that increases epidemiological certainty against the costs of compliance for producers and households. The distribution of costs and benefits amongst public agencies and private individuals can have important implications for a policy’s economic efficiency and equity quite apart from their total magnitude.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright: © OIE, 2017
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/52872
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