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Genetic architecture of subcortical brain structures in 38,851 individuals

Satizabal, C.L., Adams, H.H.H., Hibar, D.P., White, C.C., Knol, M.J., Stein, J.L., Scholz, M., Sargurupremraj, M., Jahanshad, N., Roshchupkin, G.V., Smith, A.V., Bis, J.C., Jian, X., Luciano, M., Hofer, E., Teumer, A., van der Lee, S.J., Yang, J., Yanek, L.R., Lee, T.V., Li, S., Hu, Y., Koh, J.Y., Eicher, J.D., Desrivières, S., Arias-Vasquez, A., Chauhan, G., Athanasiu, L., Renteria, M.E., Kim, S., Hoehn, D., Armstrong, N.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-4477-293X, Chen, Q., Holmes, A.J., den Braber, A., Kloszewska, I., Andersson, M., Espeseth, T., Grimm, O., Abramovic, L., Alhusaini, S., Milaneschi, Y., Papmeyer, M., Axelsson, T., Ehrlich, S., Roiz-Santiañez, R., Kraemer, B., Håberg, A.K., Jones, H.J., Pike, G.B., Stein, D.J., Stevens, A., Bralten, J., Vernooij, M.W., Harris, T.B., Filippi, I., Witte, A.V., Guadalupe, T., Wittfeld, K., Mosley, T.H., Becker, J.T., Doan, N.T., Hagenaars, S.P., Saba, Y., Cuellar-Partida, G., Amin, N., Hilal, S., Nho, K., Mirza-Schreiber, N., Arfanakis, K., Becker, D.M., Ames, D., Goldman, A.L., Lee, P.H., Boomsma, D.I., Lovestone, S., Giddaluru, S., Le Hellard, S., Mattheisen, M., Bohlken, M.M., Kasperaviciute, D., Schmaal, L., Lawrie, S.M., Agartz, I., Walton, E., Tordesillas-Gutierrez, D., Davies, G.E., Shin, J., Ipser, J.C., Vinke, L.N., Hoogman, M., Jia, T., Burkhardt, R., Klein, M., Crivello, F., Janowitz, D., Carmichael, O., Haukvik, U.K., Aribisala, B.S., Schmidt, H., Strike, L.T., Cheng, C-Y, Risacher, S.L., Pütz, B., Fleischman, D.A., Assareh, A.A., Mattay, V.S., Buckner, R.L., Mecocci, P., Dale, A.M., Cichon, S., Boks, M.P., Matarin, M., Penninx, B.W.J.H., Calhoun, V.D., Chakravarty, M.M., Marquand, A.F., Macare, C., Kharabian Masouleh, S., Oosterlaan, J., Amouyel, P., Hegenscheid, K., Rotter, J.I., Schork, A.J., Liewald, D.C.M., de Zubicaray, G.I., Wong, T.Y., Shen, L., Sämann, P.G., Brodaty, H., Roffman, J.L., de Geus, E.J.C., Tsolaki, M., Erk, S., van Eijk, K.R., Cavalleri, G.L., van der Wee, N.J.A., McIntosh, A.M., Gollub, R.L., Bulayeva, K.B., Bernard, M., Richards, J.S., Himali, J.J., Loeffler, M., Rommelse, N., Hoffmann, W., Westlye, L.T., Valdés Hernández, M.C., Hansell, N.K., Van Erp, T.G.M., Wolf, C., Kwok, J.B.J., Vellas, B., Heinz, A., Olde Loohuis, L.M., Delanty, N., Ho, B-C., Ching, C.R.K., Shumskaya, E., Singh, B., Hofman, A., van der Meer, D., Homuth, G., Psaty, B.M., Bastin, M.E., Montgomery, G.W., Foroud, T.M., Reppermund, S., Hottenga, J-J, Simmons, A., Meyer-Lindenberg, A., Cahn, W., Whelan, C.D., van Donkelaar, M.M.J., Yang, Q., Hosten, N., Green, R.C., Thalamuthu, A., Mohnke, S., Hulshoff Pol, H.E., Lin, H., Jack, C.R., Schofield, P.R., Mühleisen, T.W., Maillard, P., Potkin, S.G., Wen, W., Fletcher, E., Toga, A.W., Gruber, O., Huentelman, M., Davey Smith, G., Launer, L.J., Nyberg, L., Jönsson, E.G., Crespo-Facorro, B., Koen, N., Greve, D.N., Uitterlinden, A.G., Weinberger, D.R., Steen, V.M., Fedko, I.O., Groenewold, N.A., Niessen, W.J., Toro, R., Tzourio, C., Longstreth, W.T., Ikram, M.K., Smoller, J.W., van Tol, M-J, Sussmann, J.E., Paus, T., Lemaitre, H., Schroeter, M.L., Mazoyer, B., Andreassen, O.A., Holsboer, F., Depondt, C., Veltman, D.J., Turner, J.A., Pausova, Z., Schumann, G., Van Rooij, D., Djurovic, S., Deary, I.J., McMahon, K.L., Müller-Myhsok, B., Brouwer, R.M., Soininen, H., Pandolfo, M., Wassink, T.H., Cheung, J.W., Wolfers, T., Martinot, J-L, Zwiers, M.P., Nauck, M., Melle, I., Martin, N.G., Kanai, R., Westman, E., Kahn, R.S., Sisodiya, S.M., White, T., Saremi, A., van Bokhoven, H., Brunner, H.G., Völzke, H., Wright, M.J., van ‘t Ent, D., Nöthen, M.M., Ophoff, R.A., Buitelaar, J.K., Fernández, G., Sachdev, P.S., Rietschel, M., van Haren, N.E.M., Fisher, S.E., Beiser, A.S., Francks, C., Saykin, A.J., Mather, K.A., Romanczuk-Seiferth, N., Hartman, C.A., DeStefano, A.L., Heslenfeld, D.J., Weiner, M.W., Walter, H., Hoekstra, P.J., Nyquist, P.A., Franke, B., Bennett, D.A., Grabe, H.J., Johnson, A.D., Chen, C., van Duijn, C.M., Lopez, O.L., Fornage, M., Wardlaw, J.M., Schmidt, R., DeCarli, C., De Jager, P.L., Villringer, A., Debette, S., Gudnason, V., Medland, S.E., Shulman, J.M., Thompson, P.M., Seshadri, S. and Ikram, M.A. (2019) Genetic architecture of subcortical brain structures in 38,851 individuals. Nature Genetics, 51 (11). pp. 1624-1636.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-019-0511-y
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Abstract

Subcortical brain structures are integral to motion, consciousness, emotions and learning. We identified common genetic variation related to the volumes of the nucleus accumbens, amygdala, brainstem, caudate nucleus, globus pallidus, putamen and thalamus, using genome-wide association analyses in almost 40,000 individuals from CHARGE, ENIGMA and UK Biobank. We show that variability in subcortical volumes is heritable, and identify 48 significantly associated loci (40 novel at the time of analysis). Annotation of these loci by utilizing gene expression, methylation and neuropathological data identified 199 genes putatively implicated in neurodevelopment, synaptic signaling, axonal transport, apoptosis, inflammation/infection and susceptibility to neurological disorders. This set of genes is significantly enriched for Drosophila orthologs associated with neurodevelopmental phenotypes, suggesting evolutionarily conserved mechanisms. Our findings uncover novel biology and potential drug targets underlying brain development and disease.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Information Technology, Mathematics and Statistics
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Copyright: © 2019 Springer Nature Limited
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/52804
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