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An efficient emotion classification system using EEG

Chatchinarat, Anuchin (2019) An efficient emotion classification system using EEG. PhD thesis, Murdoch University.

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Emotion classification via Electroencephalography (EEG) is used to find the relationships between EEG signals and human emotions. There are many available channels, which consist of electrodes capturing brainwave activity. Some applications may require a reduced number of channels and frequency bands to shorten the computation time, facilitate human comprehensibility, and develop a practical wearable. In prior research, different sets of channels and frequency bands have been used. In this study, a systematic way of selecting the set of channels and frequency bands has been investigated, and results shown that by using the reduced number of channels and frequency bands, it can achieve similar accuracies. The study also proposed a method used to select the appropriate features using the Relief F method. The experimental results of this study showed that the method could reduce and select appropriate features confidently and efficiently. Moreover, the Fuzzy Support Vector Machine (FSVM) is used to improve emotion classification accuracy, as it was found from this research that it performed better than the Support Vector Machine (SVM) in handling the outliers, which are typically presented in the EEG signals. Furthermore, the FSVM is treated as a black-box model, but some applications may need to provide comprehensible human rules. Therefore, the rules are extracted using the Classification and Regression Trees (CART) approach to provide human comprehensibility to the system. The FSVM and rule extraction experiments showed that The FSVM performed better than the SVM in classifying the emotion of interest used in the experiments, and rule extraction from the FSVM utilizing the CART (FSVM-CART) had a good trade-off between classification accuracy and human comprehensibility.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Murdoch Affiliation(s): College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education
Supervisor(s): Wong, Kevin and Fung, Lance
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